Advertisement

Correlation of Shear Wave Velocity with Standard Penetration Resistance Value for Allahabad City

  • Manjari SinghEmail author
  • S. K. Duggal
  • Kumar Pallav
  • Keshav Kr. Sharma
Conference paper
  • 36 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 56)

Abstract

Shear wave velocity is the most widely used parameter for microzonation studies, site characterization, groundwater engineering, and environmental studies. Field techniques for the measurement of shear wave velocity are generally not economically viable due to deficiency of skillful personnel or unavailability of equipment. The importance of this study is to develop the empirical correlation between standard penetration resistance value (SPT-N) and shear wave velocity (Vs), for Allahabad, U.P, from the existing correlation developed for other cities of India for all soil condition using regression analysis. In this study 83 borehole data is used to calculate the average shear wave velocity (Vs) for Allahabad city at depths of 1.5, 3, 4.5, 15, and 30 for all soil condition. Also average shear wave velocity map for 30 m depth has been plotted and is used to classify the study area as per IBC-2009 (International Building Code). Results show most of the sites fall under C and D category representing soil conditions.

Keywords

Allahabad city Shear wave velocity (VsMASW SPT-N value IBC-2009 

References

  1. 1.
    Haloi J, Sil A (2015) Seismic site classification of a bridge site over River Barak on Silchar bypass road. Int J Advanced Earth Sci Eng 4(1):275Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Housner GW (1989) Competing against time, Report to Governor Deukmejian of California, Governor’s Board of Inquiry on the (1989) Loma Prieta EarthquakeGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kramer SL (1996) Geotechnical earthquake engineering. Prentice Hall, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mert T, Elmon T, Ural DN (2015) A comparative study of soil classifications using international approaches. In SECED Conference: Earthquake risk and engineering towards a resilient worldGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hanumantharao C, Ramana GV (2008) Dynamic soil properties for microzonation of Delhi, India. J Earth Syst Sci 117(2):719–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Maheswari RU, Boominathan A, Dodagoudar GR (2010) Seismic site classification and site period mapping of Chennai City using geophysical and geotechnical data. J Appl Geophys 72(3):152–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Anbazhagan P, Sitharam TG (2008) Mapping of average shear wave velocity for Bangalore region: a case study. J Environ Eng Geophys 13(2):69–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sil A, Sitharam TG (2014) Dynamic site characterization and correlation of shear wave velocity with standard penetration test ‘N’ values for the city of Agartala, Tripura state, India. Pure Appl Geophys 171(8):1859–1876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anbazhagan P, Kumar A, Sitharam TG (2013) Seismic site classification and correlation between standard penetration test N value and shear wave velocity for Lucknow City in Indo-Gangetic Basin. Pure Appl Geophys 170(3):299–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Thaker TP, Rao KS (2011) Development of statistical correlations between shear wave velocity and penetration resistance using MASW technique. In: Pan-am CGS geotechnical conference, Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kirar B, Maheshwari BK, Muley P (2016) Correlation between shear wave velocity (vs) and SPT resistance (N) for Roorkee region. Int J Geosynth Gr Eng 2(1):9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chatterjee K, Choudhury D (2013) Variations in shear wave velocity and soil site class in Kolkata city using regression and sensitivity analysis. Nat Hazards 69(3):2057–2082CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mhaske SY, Choudhury D (2011) Geospatial contour mapping of shear wave velocity for Mumbai city. Nat Hazards 59(1):317–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    IS 1893 (2016) Indian standard criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures, part 1—general provisions and buildings, Bureau of Indian Standards, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Martin S, Szeliga W (2010) A catalog of felt intensity data for 570 earthquakes in India from 1636 to 2009. Bull Seismol Soc Am 100(2):562–569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Singh SK, Garcia D, Pacheco JF, Valenzuela R, Bansal BK, Dattatrayam RS (2004) Q of the Indian shield. Bull Seismol Soc Am 94(4):1564–1570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dasgupta et al (2000) Seismotectonic atlas of India and its environs. Geological Survey of India, KolkataGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kayal JR (2008) Microearthquake seismology and seismotectonics of South Asia, 1st edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Thakur VC (2004) Active tectonics of Himalayan frontal thrust and seismic hazard to Ganga Plain. Curr Sci 86(11):1554–1560Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nadeshda TNN (2004) Lucknow is on earthquake list. Times of India. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/lucknow/Lucknow-isonearthquakelist/articleshow/679471.cms. Accessed 17 June 2018
  21. 21.
    Boore DM (2004) Estimating Vs (30) (or NEHRP site classes) from shallow velocity models (depths < 30 m). Bull Seismol Soc Am 94:591–597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    IBC (2009) International building code, International code councilGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Seed HB, Idriss IM (1981) Evaluation of liquefaction potential sand deposits based on observation of performance in previous earthquakes. In: ASCE national convention (MO), pp 481–544Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ohsaki Y, Iwasaki R (1973) On dynamic shear moduli and Poisson’s ratios of soil deposits. Soils Found 13(4):61–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    JRA (Japan Road Association, 1980) Specification for Highway bridges. Part V, Earthquake Resistant designGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Tripathi JN, Asharaf S, Singh VB (2011) Shallow seismic refraction survey in Allahabad city (UP), India. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sect A-Phys Sci 81:245–258Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manjari Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. K. Duggal
    • 1
  • Kumar Pallav
    • 2
  • Keshav Kr. Sharma
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringMNNIT AllahabadAllahabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering and SurveyingCPUTBellville, Cape TownSouth Africa
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringNIT JamshedpurJamshedpurIndia

Personalised recommendations