Artificial Diet Designing: Its Utility in Management of Defoliating Tea Pests (Lepidoptera: Geometridae)

  • Anjali Km. Prasad
  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay


Three geometrid species Biston (=Buzura) suppressaria, Hyposidra talaca, and H. infixaria are notorious defoliating pests of the Terai-Dooars tea plantations in Northeast India. Management of defoliators by conventional pesticide spray is ineffective. To manage these pests in tea plantations, alternative technologies are required. Artificial diets formulated for rearing these lepidopteran pests provide the platform for developing new approaches. The present work provides a practical approach for formulation of artificial (meridic) diet free from tea leaf. The diets have been designed and tested for optimizing the rearing and performance of the pest species. Efficacy of the diets have been estimated and compared with natural tea leaf as food. All the artificial diets recommended for rearing showed better efficacy in supporting the growth and development through generations of the geometrid pest species than that on natural host. The utility, safety, and economy of artificial diet-based rearing in modern pest management research have been discussed.


Tea pests Biston (=Buzura) suppressaria Hyposidra talaca Hyposidra infixaria Artificial diet Rearing 



Authors are thankful to the National Tea Research Foundation, Tea Board, Kolkata, for funding the project on Artificial Diet Development and Department of Zoology (UGC-SAP and DST-FIST supported) of North Bengal University for providing the necessary laboratory facilities. Authors are also thankful to the whole team of researchers of the Entomology Research Unit, Department of Zoology, NBU, for their constant support and help. Authors extend heartfelt thanks to the managers of all the tea plantations visited during the course of this study for cooperation. The datasets in the tables and photographs are of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anjali Km. Prasad
    • 1
  • Ananda Mukhopadhyay
    • 2
  1. 1.Entomology Research UnitDepartment of Zoology, University of North BengalDarjeelingIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of North BengalDarjeelingIndia

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