Endophytes: A Potential Bio-agent for the Plant Protection

  • Swapan Kumar Ghosh
  • Malvika Chaudhary
  • N. Manjunatha


Endophytes are microorganisms living inside plants without causing any adverse effect. The symbiotic microorganism endophytes can be an alternative for the management of insect pests and plant pathogens. Select endophytes also function as biofertilizers, resulting in improved plant fitness. It will be crucially important to understand the mechanisms underlying endophytism. The responses of a crop plant to such endophytism and the subsequent responses of insect pests and plant pathogenesis are important to understand. Many aspects of the insect/pathogen and the endophytic microorganism remain unattended. This gap can be filled through an intensive research and understanding of signalling between the host plant and the microbiome. Despite the abundance of endophytes in crop rhizosphere, the rules that govern their presence and interaction with the crop plants are poorly understood. Recently, endophytes in seed tissues have gained significance due to their diversified roles in plant metabolism.


Endophytes Plant-growth improvement Biocontrol agent Phytoremediation 



The authors are thankful to the authorities of the Multiplex Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Bengaluru, CABI, New Delhi, and the Murdoch University, Perth, Australia, for encouragement.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Swapan Kumar Ghosh
    • 1
  • Malvika Chaudhary
    • 2
  • N. Manjunatha
    • 3
  1. 1.Multiplex Biotech Private LimitedBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.CABI-South AsiaNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Murdoch UniversityPerthAustralia

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