• Ahmed W. WaheedEmail author


This chapter begins by summarizing the research in the book which sought out to problematize the notion of Pakistan’s widely circulated identity, especially among policy-makers. The chapter further explains how the book, rather than focusing inward, follows an outward approach in that it seeks to understand how the ‘international’ comes to know Pakistan and how this particular knowledge directs decision-making processes. The chapter argues that the power of western discourse to determine what interpretations of knowledge are privileged, who the authoritative subject is, and how the subject is positioned in the discursive field, continues to legitimize a specific interpretation of Pakistan’s identity and its actions. This chapter concludes that, understanding how discourse structures our political ‘reality’, it is time that questions such as ‘What do we know about Pakistan?’ or ‘Why Pakistan is the way it is?’, be replaced by questions such as ‘How do we know about Pakistan?’.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for International Peace & StabilityNational University of Sciences and TechnologyIslamabadPakistan

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