The Consensus Games for Consensus Economics Under the Framework of Blockchain in Fintech

  • Lan Di
  • Zhe Yang
  • George Xianzhi YuanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 1082)


The goal of this paper is to introduce a new notion called “Consensus Game (CG)” with motivation from the mechanism design of blockchain economy under the consensus incentives from Bitcoin ecosystems in financial technology (Fintech), we then establish the general existence results for consensus equilibria of consensus games in terms of corresponding interpretation based on the viewpoint of Blockchain consensus in Fintech by applying the concept of hybrid solutions in game theory. As applications, our discussion in this paper for the illustration of some issues and problems on the stability of mining pool-games for miners by applying consensus games shows that the concept of consensus equilibria could be used as a fundamental tool for the study of consensus economics under the framework of Blockchain economy in Fintech.


Hybrid solutions Consensus equilibrium Consensus game Nakamoto consensus Bitcoin ecosystem Blockchain Protocol Blockchain economy Stability Longest chain rules (LCR) Chain Fork Nonordered preferences Mining economics Minier dilemma Multi-pools game Fintech 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Digital MediaJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina
  2. 2.School of EconomicsShanghai University of Finance and EconomicsShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Business SchoolChenngdu UniversityChengduChina
  4. 4.School of Financial TechnologyShanghai Lixin University of Accounting and FinanceShanghaiChina
  5. 5.Center for Financial EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  6. 6.Business SchoolSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  7. 7.BBD Technology Co., Ltd. (BBD)ChengduChina

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