Advertisement

Pedestrian Arrival and Release Characteristics at Signalized Crosswalk

  • Xianmin Song
  • Di Liang
  • Lili LiEmail author
  • Qiujie Yang
  • Qiaowen Bai
Conference paper
  • 18 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 617)

Abstract

The paper applied the shock wave theory to analyze the characteristics of pedestrian arrival and release, considering different related factors (i.e., crosswalk width, length, and signal timing). Then pedestrian release model with two constraints was established on the strength of above study. At last, correlation parameters were calibrated with the practical pedestrian data, and the lateral distance between pedestrians is shown as 0.8 m. The proposed model can be used in following two ways: the optimization of crosswalk width and the evaluation of crosswalk capacity to accommodate the demand. The result could offer some references to protect the safety of pedestrians and improve the crosswalk capacity.

Keywords

Crosswalk capacity Pedestrian arrival and release characteristics Crosswalk width Model application Pedestrian safety 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation (51278220), (51278520), and Jilin major Project of Science and Technology Agency (20130206093SF).

References

  1. 1.
    Zhang H, Yu Q, Rong J, Wang D (2010) The research of bi-directional pedestrian platoon crossing characteristics at signalized intersection. In: 2010, 3rd international conference on power electronics and intelligent transportation system, vol 6, pp 136–141Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Qu Z, Zhou L, Wang D (2004) Bicycle and pedestrians’arrival and departure characteristics at signalized intersection. J Highw Transp Res Dev 21(8):91–94Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alhajyaseen W, Nakamura H (2009) A methodology for modeling pedestrian platoon discharge and crossing times at signalized crosswalks. In: The 88th annual meeting of the transportation research board, Washington D.C., 11–15 Jan 2009Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alhajyaseen W, Nakamura H (2010) Estimating the minimum required width of signalized crosswalks considering bi-directional pedestrian flow and different age groups. J East Asia Soc Transp Stud 1(2):181–198Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Alhajyaseen W, Nakamura H (2010) Design criteria for crosswalk width and position at signalized intersecyions. In: Proceedings of the 4th international symposium on highway geometric design, Transportation Research Board (TRB), Valencia, SpainGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Feng S, Li Z, Zhang W (2008) Width of pavement in the city. J Haerbin Inst Technol 40(4):585–588Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Xu J, Wen Y, Ni W (2011) Code for design of urban road traffic facility. Shanghai Construction and Transportation Commission. Ministry of Hou Human sing and Urban of People’s Republic of China. Publication GB 50688–2011Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Sisiopiku VP (2000) Probabilistic models for pedestrian capacity and delay at Roundabouts. Transportation Research Circular E-C018: 4th international symposium on highway capacityGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Alhajyaseen W, Nakamura H, Asano M (2011) Effects of bi-directional pedestrian flow characteristics upon the capacity of signalized crosswalks. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 16:526–535Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Li X et al (2012) Using cellular automata to investigate pedestrian conflicts with vehicles in crosswalk at signalized intersection. Discret Dyn Nat SocGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fruin J (1971) Designing for pedestrians: a level of service concept. Metropolitan Association of Urban Designer and Environmental Planners Inc., New York, USAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xianmin Song
    • 1
  • Di Liang
    • 1
  • Lili Li
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qiujie Yang
    • 3
  • Qiaowen Bai
    • 1
  1. 1.College of TransportationJilin UniversityChangchun CityPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Transport Management Institute, Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of ChinaBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.TianJin Transportation Research InstituteTianjinPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations