The DMLL as a Roadmap to Learning

  • Joseph ShaulesEmail author


This chapter describes the roadmap to learning as described by the DMLL. It looks at the different levels of learning that lead to a more linguaculture self, the subjective sense that foreign linguaculture patterns are increasingly embodied, and experienced as a natural part of the self. The DMLL assumes that developing the learner’s linguaculture self is an important goal of language and culture pedagogy. A distinction is made between performance, and the development of the learning self. The notion of self is contrasted with the notion of identity. According to the DMLL, the experience of the self changes as learners develop new linguaculture intuitions. The development of the linguaculture self is described in terms of the four levels of encountering; experimenting; integrating, and bridging.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Japan Intercultural InstituteTokyoJapan

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