Effective Management of Demolition Waste Containing Hexabromocyclododecane in China

Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


Demolition waste containing hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD) can be disposed of at either a waste, material, or substance level; however, their efficiency in mitigating long-term HBCDD contamination can be different. In this chapter, we quantify how much HBCDD emissions can be avoided and how efficiently the stock of HBCDD embedded in the demolition waste can be reduced if mainland China adopts different levels of waste management. We find that a pre-demolition screening combined with environmentally sound treatment, that is, management at the substance level, is the most effective end-of-life management option for minimizing HBCDD emissions and stocks. This level of waste management reduces slightly more HBCDD emissions than accelerating the ban of backfill or illegal open dumping of general demolition waste, that is, management at the waste level. While increasing the recycling of polystyrene materials, that is, management of waste at the material level, is ideal for the circular economy, it is least effective in reducing HBCDD emissions and may introduce this problematic chemical into recovered materials as new in-use stocks.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Community Health SciencesUniversity of Nevada RenoRenoUSA

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