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Natural History of Residual Stone Fragments Following PCNL

  • Mohammad A. Alomar
  • Alaa A. Mokhtar
Chapter
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Abstract

Since the introduction of minimally invasive procedures for managing renal stones, the presence of small residual fragments became an issue with debatable approaches.

Recently increasing body of literature uses the term clinically insignificant fragments to describe stones less than 4 mm that are not causing any obstruction nor infection.

We did a literature review of this subject and described our approach in managing residual stones after PCNL.

Keywords

Renal stones PCNL Residual fragments Staghorn stones Management of clinical insignificant fragments Second-look nephroscopy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad A. Alomar
    • 1
  • Alaa A. Mokhtar
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, Faculty of MedicineKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research CenterRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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