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Anatomy for PNL

  • Wen Zhong
Chapter
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

A successful PNL is to make a precise puncture into the target calyx, avoid perirenal viscera and interlobar artery injury, and get into different calyxes to remove stones. Since all these procedures are not carried out openly, several potential injuries are hard to be avoided. Thus, the anatomy of kidney, perirenal viscera, renal collecting system, and renal vessels is significant in the guidance of PNL.

Keywords

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy PNL Anatomy Renal collecting system Renal vessels 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wen Zhong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Urology and Guangdong Key Laboratory of UrologyThe First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University GuangzhouGuangdongChina

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