• Qianyi Wang
  • Kee Cheok Cheong
  • Ran Li


Chinese cities are drivers of economic growth. Since economic liberalization in 1978, cities expanded through diversification that promoted industrialization. Industrialization would lead to large-scale urbanization, the second major development for Chinese cities. As industrial output expanded, enterprises would turn to international markets. Foreign investors also find the availability of cheap labor attractive for producing in these cities for export. Thus, the third factor driving city growth is internationalization or globalization.

Chinese cities are of diverse population sizes, but extant research focuses on the largest cities, leaving secondary cities under-covered. This book attempts to partially redress this inadequacy. Through case studies of three secondary cities, Quanzhou, Yiwu, and Nanning, this book seeks to understand how history, the role of government, and internationalization shape city development today.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qianyi Wang
    • 1
  • Kee Cheok Cheong
    • 2
  • Ran Li
    • 3
  1. 1.YantaiChina
  2. 2.Petaling JayaMalaysia
  3. 3.Kuala LumpurMalaysia

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