Advertisement

A Review of Studies on Environmental Performance Analysis of Construction and Demolition Waste Management using Life Cycle Assessment

  • Kishore C. KumarEmail author
  • V. G. Ram
  • Satyanarayana N. Kalidindi
Chapter
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Construction and demolition (C&D) activities generate a large amount of waste throughout their life cycle. Demolition of buildings is on the rise owing to rapid urbanization and dynamic demands. Disposal of C&D waste leads to faster depletion of available landfill space. The environmental performance of C&D waste management needs to be analysed from a life cycle perspective to identify better waste management principles. A selective list of research papers from C&D waste literature, which applied life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology has been reviewed in this paper. The primary aim of this review article is to identify the commonality among those research papers and understand the environmental impacts of various practices being adopted in C&D waste management. LCA case studies were found to vary widely on several categories, and we inferred that they could be compared by selecting normalized unit processes in the system boundaries, functional unit, inventory data sources and impact categories. The environmental impact generated due to the operation of C&D waste recycling facility was reported to be negligible in most of the papers. Transportation of C&D waste was reported to cause the highest environmental impact in most of the articles. Recycling of C&D waste has been recommended as a sustainable alternative to landfilling, and large benefits emerge from savings in valuable land space. Furthermore, energy savings of up to 50% and emission reduction in the range of 7–10 times occur due to recycling of recovered materials, especially metals.

Keywords

C&D waste Life cycle assessment (LCA) Waste management Recycling 

References

  1. Blengini, G. A. (2009). Life cycle of buildings, demolition and recycling potential: A case study in Turin, Italy. Building and Environment, 44, 319–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Blengini, G. A., & Garbarino, E. (2010). Resources and waste management in Turin (Italy): The role of recycled aggregates in the sustainable supply mix. Journal of Cleaner Production, 18, 1021–1030.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Borghi, G., Pantini, S., & Rigamonti, L. (2018). Life cycle assessment of non-hazardous construction and demolition waste (CDW) management in Lombardy Region (Italy). Journal of Cleaner Production, 184, 815–825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. CML (Centre for Environmental Studies). (2001). University of Leiden, CML 2 baseline method. http://www.leidenuniv.nl/cml/index.html.
  5. Coelho, A., & de Brito, J. (2013). Environmental analysis of a construction and demolition waste recycling plant in Portugal—Part I: Energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Waste Management, 33, 1258–1267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crawford, R. H. (2011). Life cycle assessment in the built environment. United Kingdom, Abingdon, Oxon: Spon Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Devi, P., & Palaniappan, S. (2014). A case study on life cycle energy use of residential building in Southern India. Energy and Buildings, 80, 247–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ecoinvent. (2008). The life cycle inventory data version 2. Swiss centre for life cycle inventories.Google Scholar
  9. Faleschini, F., Zanini, M. A., Pellegrino, C., & Pasinato, S. (2016). Sustainable management and supply of natural and recycled aggregates in a medium-size integrated plant. Waste Management, 49, 146–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goedkoop, M., & Spriensma, R. (2000). The Ecoindicator’99: A damage oriented method for life cycle impact assessment: Methodology report. Amersfoort, The Netherlands: Pré Consultants BV.Google Scholar
  11. Guinée, J. B., Gorrée, M., Heijungs, R., Huppes, G., Kleijn, R., Koning, A., et al. (2002). Handbook on life cycle assessment. Operational guide to the ISO standards. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Häkkinen, T. (1994). Environmental impact of building materials (Report No. 1590). Espoo: Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT), p. 38.Google Scholar
  13. Hossain, M. U., Poon, C. S., Lo, I. M. C., & Cheng, J. C. P. (2016). Comparative environmental evaluation of aggregate production from recycled waste materials and virgin sources by LCA. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 109, 67–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. IPCC. (2007). Intergovernmental panel for climate change. http://www.ipcc.ch.
  15. ISO 14040. (2006a). Environmental management—Life cycle assessment—Principles and framework.Google Scholar
  16. ISO 14044. (2006b). Environmental management—Life cycle assessment—Requirements and guidelines.Google Scholar
  17. Jolliet, O., Margni, M., Charles, R., Humbert, S., Payet, J., Rebitzer, G., et al. (2003). IMPACT 2002+ : A new life cycle impact assessment methodology. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 8, 324–330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mah, C. M., Fujiwara, T., & Ho, C. S. (2018). Life cycle assessment and life cycle costing toward eco-efficiency concrete waste management in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 3415–3427.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mercante, I. T., Bovea, M. D., Ibáñez-Forés, V., & Arena, A. P. (2012). Life cycle assessment of construction and demolition waste management systems: A Spanish case study. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 17, 232–241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change. (2016). Construction and demolition waste management rules. G.S.R. 317 (E). The Gazette of India, Part-II, Section-3, Sub-section 317.Google Scholar
  21. Ortiz, O., Pasqualino, J. C., & Castells, F. (2010). Environmental performance of construction waste: Comparing three scenarios from a case study in Catalonia, Spain. Waste Management, 30, 646–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Penteado, C. S. G., & Rosado, L. P. (2016). Comparison of scenarios for the integrated management of construction and demolition waste by life cycle assessment: A case study in Brazil. Waste Management Research, 34, 1026–1035.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ram, V., & Kalidindi, S. N. (2017). Estimation of construction and demolition waste using waste generation rates in Chennai, India. Waste Management Research, 35, 610–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rosado, L. P., Vitale, P., Penteado, C. S. G., & Arena, U. (2017). Life cycle assessment of natural and mixed recycled aggregate production in Brazil. Journal of Cleaner Production, 151, 634–642.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Simion, I. M., Maria, E. F., Bonoli, A., & Gavrilescu, M. (2013). Comparing environmental impacts of natural inert and recycled construction and demolition waste processing using LCA. Journal of Environmental Engineering Landscape Management, 21, 273–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. USLCI Database. (2012). U.S. Life Cycle Inventory Database. National Renewable Energy Laboratory.Google Scholar
  27. VDI. (1997). Cumulative energy demand—Terms, definitions, methods of calculation. In VDI-Richtlinien 4600. Verein Deutscher Ingenieure, Düsseldorf.Google Scholar
  28. Venkatarama Reddy, B. V., & Jagadish, K. S. (2003). Embodied energy of common and alternative building materials and technologies. Energy and Buildings, 35, 129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Vitale, P., Arena, N., Di Gregorio, F., & Arena, U. (2017). Life cycle assessment of the end-of-life phase of a residential building. Waste Management, 60, 311–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vossberg, C., Mason-Jones, K., & Cohen, B. (2014). An energetic life cycle assessment of C&D waste and container glass recycling in Cape Town, South Africa. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 88, 39–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang, T., Wang, J., Wu, P., Wang, J., He, Q., & Wang, X. (2018). Estimating the environmental costs and benefits of demolition waste using life cycle assessment and willingness-to-pay: A case study in Shenzhen. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 14–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wenzel, H., Hauschild, M., & Alting, L. (1997). Environmental assessment of products. Methodology, tools and case studies in product development: Vol. 1. United Kingdom: Chapman & Hall; Hingham, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kishore C. Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. G. Ram
    • 2
  • Satyanarayana N. Kalidindi
    • 1
  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology TirupatiTirupatiIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations