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Prediction of Oil Yield from Oil Palm Mesocarp Using Thermally Assisted Mechanical Dewatering (TAMD)

  • Hasmiera Hashim
  • Suzana YusupEmail author
  • Patricia Arlabosse
Chapter
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

Thermally assisted mechanical dewatering (TAMD) is a new technology for the separation of solid/liquid. When applied to “nature-wet” biomass, the TAMD process significantly enhances the separation yield. In the present study, TAMD was used to extract the crude palm oil (CPO) from mesocarp. The CPO yield of 70.77 wt% was achieved at optimum parameters of 73.0 °C, 6.7 bar and 60 min of extraction time. This CPO yield was comparable with previous works on the enzymatic extraction and hot compressed water extraction (HCWE) with CPO yield of 71.0 and 70.50 wt% respectively. Apart from that, this value was higher for about 13.80% compared to commercial CPO extracted using screw press which obtained the oil yield of 61.0 wt%. Based on the literatures, the highest CPO yield was obtained from supercritical CO2 extraction at 77.0 wt% whereas the lowest CPO yield was extracted using subcritical R134a which gave 66.0 wt% of oil yield. Nevertheless, the operational conditions of supercritical CO2 were 300 bar and 80 °C which were higher than that of TAMD. In conclusion, TAMD extraction has a potential to be an alternative method to extract CPO by producing higher oil yield.

Keywords

Crude palm oil Oil yield Thermally assisted mechanical dewatering Response surface methodology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Centre RAPSODEE, Ecoles des Mines, France for providing TAMD facility and Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS for financial support from Biomass Grant (0153AB-F02). Support from Ministry of Education Malaysia through HICoE award is duly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hasmiera Hashim
    • 1
  • Suzana Yusup
    • 1
    Email author
  • Patricia Arlabosse
    • 2
  1. 1.HICoE Centre for Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Institute of Self-Sustainable Building, Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversiti Teknologi PETRONASSeri Iskandar, PerakMalaysia
  2. 2.Centre RAPSODEE, Université de Toulouse, Mines AlbiAlbi Cedex 09France

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