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Genetics of Uveal Melanoma

  • Helen Kalirai
  • Alexander Iu. Tsygankov
  • Sophie Thornton
  • Svetlana V. Saakyan
  • Sarah E. CouplandEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Uveal melanoma is a rare, aggressive intraocular malignant tumor, leading to metastatic disease in over 50% of patients with tumors located in the ciliary body or choroid. Genetic studies have identified chromosomal changes, mutations and gene expression profiles linked to both tumour development and progression. In this chapter we present the current knowledge surrounding these key molecular changes, how they are being used to predict metastatic risk, their functional relevance to tumor biology and how they may inform the identification of therapeutic targets to treat metastatic disease.

Keywords

Uveal melanoma Genetics Monosomy 3 GNAQ GNA11 BAP1 EIF1AX SF3B1 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Kalirai
    • 1
  • Alexander Iu. Tsygankov
    • 2
  • Sophie Thornton
    • 1
  • Svetlana V. Saakyan
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sarah E. Coupland
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Molecular and Clinical Cancer MedicineInstitute of Translational Medicine, University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Department of Ocular Oncology and RadiologyMoscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye DiseasesMoscowRussian Federation
  3. 3.Department of Eye DiseasesMoscow Helmholtz Research Institute of Eye DiseasesMoscowRussian Federation
  4. 4.Molecular and Clinical Cancer MedicineRoyal Liverpool and Broadgreen University, Hospital NHS Trust, University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK

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