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Material Compatibility Aspects and Development of Methanol-Fueled Engines

  • Vikram Kumar
  • Avinash Kumar AgarwalEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Energy, Environment, and Sustainability book series (ENENSU)

Abstract

The environmental concern and the financial markets over the global scale, alternative fuels were developed to substitute convention fuel. Methanol is a substitute for conventional fuel which can be used in an Internal Combustion (IC) engine. Methanol is an alternative fuel for IC engines in terms of environment and economical aspect. It is renewable, economically, and environmentally interesting. A sustainable strategy is proposed to use methanol in the internal combustion engine in various ranges of concentration. In this chapter, various research data were studied and cited to understand material compatibility aspects and engineering challenges for engine parts made of metals, elastomers, and plastics. The fuel chemistry and quality effects on the engine are discussed. The effects of methanol on the various components of internal combustion engines are studied. The corrosion and wear of engine components are studied and suggested the suitable material for the engine parts which are coming in contact with methanol. The implementations of methanol in spark ignition engine and compression ignition are studied. The engineering path-way of the implementation and design is explained in detail. The design of different engine components such as engine head, fuel injection system, fuel pump, after treatment for methanol fuelled engines are studied and suggested. The vehicle adaptation for methanol fuel is also studied.

Keywords

Methanol Corrosion Wear IC engine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research is supported by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research—Human Resource Development Group (CSIR—HRDG) and Engine Research Laboratory Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engine Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia

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