Study on Sediment Carrying Capacity of Breaking Wave in Muddy Coast

  • Xiangyu GaoEmail author
  • Xiping Dou
  • Zhengrong Gao
  • Weisheng Zhang
Conference paper


The muddy coast is an important part of the sea coast of China’s mainland. The muddy plain coast have smaller bank slope, the breaking wave strengthens turbulence of water near the bottom of sea bed during the stormy. Sediment incipience and suspension become easier. Thus high sediment concentration is formed. The determination of sediment carrying capacity is of great significance and value to sediment transport, sediment deposition and erosion. The study on sediment carrying capacity under wave action is not yet mature, and the calculation results of various formulas showed larger difference, while the sediment carrying capacity under the breaking wave action is relatively less studied. In this paper, Bagnold’s energy balance principle is used to deduce the formula of sediment carrying capacity under breaking wave action. The coefficient of the formula is calibrated by the flume test data. The calculated values of sediment carrying capacity formula are compared with the field measured data during Weipha typhoon in Lianyungang sea area. The maximum value of the measured vertical line average sediment concentration is respectively 2.27kg/m3 and 1.67kg/m3 at point on the isobath of -3m and -5m. The calculated value of formula is 2.22kg/m3 and 1.73kg/m3, respectively. The calculated value of sediment carrying capacity formula is compared with other field and test data. The comparison results show that the calculated values can better reflect the measured sediment concentration. Under the breaking wave action, The sediment concentration is very complex in time and space distribution. The vertical distribution of sediment concentration has many form characteristics. Therefore, when the formula of sediment carrying capacity is calibrated, it is necessary to screen the measured sediment concentration. When the formula of sediment carrying capacity is applied, the characteristics of breaking wave and sediment in the sea area should be fully understudied.


Sediment carrying capacity Energy balance Breaking wave Muddy coast 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



This work is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China(2017YFC0405400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51479122).


  1. Einstein, H.A. (1950). The bed-load function for sediment transportation in open channel flows. Department of Agriculture, Soil Erosion Conservation Service. Technical Bulletin, No.1026, U.S.Google Scholar
  2. Zhang Ruijin. (1963). A review of the gravitation theory of sediment suspension. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, in China. (3): 11 - 23.Google Scholar
  3. Bagnold, R.A.(1966). An approach to the sediment transport problem from general physics. U.S. Geol. Sur., Prof. Paper 442-I.Google Scholar
  4. Yang, C.T.(1973). Incipient motion and sediment transport. ASCE, Vol.99,No.HY10.Google Scholar
  5. Dou Guoren, Dong Fengwu, Xibingdou. (1995). Sediment carrying capacity of tidal current and waves. Chinese Science Bulletin, in China,(5)443-446.Google Scholar
  6. Cao Wenhong, Shu Anping. (1999). Reviews on suspended sediment carrying capacity in combined actions of waves and tidal current. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (5):76-82.Google Scholar
  7. Verikanov M.A. (1956). Theoretical basis of gravity in sediment movement. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (1).Google Scholar
  8. Research Institute of Water and Sediment Wuhan Institute of Water Conservancy and Electric Power. (1959). Research on sediment flow in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (2):54-73.Google Scholar
  9. Liu Jiayu. (1988). Determination of the silt concentration on shoal under the action of wind waves and tidal currents. Water Conservancy and Water Conservation Research, in China, (2): 69-73.Google Scholar
  10. Dou Guoren.(1999). Incipient motion of coarse and fine sediment. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (6):1-9.Google Scholar
  11. Xu Hua,Xia Yunfeng,Chen Zhong,et al. (2012). Experimental study of silt suspension movement under spilling waves. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (10): 58-64.Google Scholar
  12. Nilsen p.(1984). Field measurements on time-averaged suspended sediment concentrations under waves. coastal engineering, in China, (8): 51-72.Google Scholar
  13. Shibayama, T., Winyu, R. (1993). Vertical distribution of suspended sediment concentration in and outside the surf zone. Coastal Engineering, in Japan, (36): 49-65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Han Hongsheng, Li Shisen, Zhao Chongjiu, et al.(2006). Experimental study on the vertical distribution of suspended sediment concentration in silty sand under the action of breaking wave. Journal of Sediment Research, in China, (6):30-36.Google Scholar
  15. Gao Xiangyu, Gao Zhengrong, Dou Xiping. (2014). Experimental studies on sediment concentration distribution under breaking waves action along muddy coast.Journal of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, in China, (4):38-42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiangyu Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiping Dou
    • 2
  • Zhengrong Gao
    • 3
  • Weisheng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanjing Hydraulic Research InstituteNanjingChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic EngineeringNanjingChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Port, Waterway and Sedimentation Engineering of Ministry of TransportNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations