Planning the Malaysian Coastline – Integrated Shoreline Management Plan
Integrated Shoreline Management Plan (ISMP) is a planning framework and tool developed to achieve sustainable coastal development based on up to date knowledge of the coastal environment and best development practices. Realizing the increasing trends of coastal erosion and conflicts, the Government of Malaysia through the Department of Irrigation of Drainage (DID) has planned the ISMPs for every state in Malaysia, with the main objective of providing guidelines on implementing sustainable coastal development while providing adaptation strategies to minimize the associated risks. The plan focuses on the evaluation of physical, environmental, and socio-economic aspects on top of extensive stakeholder consultations to provide coastal planning alternatives that fulfil the respective state requirements. As part of this plan, Decision Support Systems are introduced to allow the dissemination of the collected data, plan strategies and recommendations to the different stakeholders in order to achieve a consistent development evaluated by different government agencies and private sectors. This paper will discuss on the application of the ISMP’s in Malaysia focusing on the ISMP State of Perlis, Malaysia, with a discussion on its benefits and challenges as well as examples of coastal adaptation.
KeywordsIntegrated Shoreline Management Plan (ISMP) Malaysia climate change adaptation planning
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The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Water, Land and Natural Resources Malaysia (KATS), Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (DID) and DHI Water & Environment (DHI) for their support and assistance during the preparation of this paper.