The 2018-Coastal Problems in Thailand’s Second Largest Coastal City
Understanding the dynamics of the problem is a key to successful coastal management. This research explored current coastal problems occurring in Chonburi province, Thailand. Due to its second largest gross provincial products per capita and its 170 km of diverse coastline, the coastal problems occurring in Chonburi province could represent the coastal problems for the whole country. Every seafront local governmental unit in Chonburi province was officially approached and their past annual action plans were collected. Ocean-related projects contained in the action plans were extracted and analyzed to backtrack the types of coastal problems. As the results, seven types of coastal problems were unearthed, being; maritime traffics and accidents, decreased coastal animal abundance, inadequate awareness and knowledge of coastal stakeholders, land-based wastewater discharged into the ocean, marine debris, coastal erosion, and mangrove trespassing and destruction. The results of this research can be shared among other nations across the globe, compared with the coastal problems in western countries, or can serve as data for Asia-Pacific regional comparison studies.
KeywordsIntegrated coastal management Coastal survey Chonburi Coastal degradation Coastal governmental unit
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This research was supported by the author’s personal budget. The author would like to thank his assistants for communicating with SAO officers.
- Cicin-Sain, B. and Knecht, R.W. (1998). Integrated coastal and ocean management: concepts and practices. Island Press, USA.Google Scholar
- Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (2018). Coastal Resources in Chonburi Province (in Thai). https://www.dmcr.go.th/detailLib/3767 (Accessed 2 September 2018).
- Jones, E.V., Macintosh, D., Stead, S. and Gray, T. (2017). How effective are MPAs in conserving crab stocks? A comparison of fisheries and conservation objectives in three coastal MPAs in Thailand. Ocean & Coastal Management 149:186-197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.09.012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kamphuis, J.W. (2000). Introduction to coastal engineering and management. Advanced series on ocean engineering, vol. 16. World Scientific, Singapore.Google Scholar
- Office of The National Economic and Social Development Board (2018). Gross regional and provincial product, chain volume measure 2016 edition. http://www.nesdb.go.th/ewt_dl_link.php?nid=5628&filename=gross_regional (Accessed 18 December 2018)
- Rumson, A.G. and Hallett, S.H. (2018). Opening up the coast. Ocean & Coastal Management 160, 133-145.Google Scholar
- Saengsupavanich, C., Chonwattana, S. and Naimsampao, T. (2009). Coastal erosion through integrated management: A case of Southern Thailand. Ocean & Coastal Management 52: 307-316.Google Scholar
- Saengsupavanich, C. (2013). Erosion protection options of a muddy coastline in Thailand: Stakeholders’ shared responsibilities, Ocean & Coastal Management 83: 81-90.Google Scholar
- Saengsupavanich, C. (2017). Coastal revetment design process in Thailand. WIT Transactions on The Built Environment 170: 33-44.Google Scholar