Advertisement

Why the WTO Adjudicatory Crisis Will Not Be Easily Solved: Defining and Responding to “Judicial Activism”

  • Raj BhalaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The World Trade Organization (WTO) adjudicatory crisis, namely, the specific blockage over the approval of candidates to fill vacancies on the Appellate Body, and general impasse over changes to the Agreement on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU), will not be resolved easily or quickly. There is a mismatch between the (1) proposals to reform Appellate Body and DSU reform proposals, and (2) central criticisms the United States raises. America arguments are about the right way to interpret disputed texts in a trade treaty, and about the right weight to give prior decisional rulings. None of the reform proposals raised by the European Union (EU) or Canada, squarely address America’s arguments. The Euro-Canadian suggestions are about procedures, whereas America challenges foundations of multilateral trade adjudication.

Keywords

DSU Appellate Body Judicial activism Precedent Procedure 

References

  1. Bhala R (1999) The myth about stare decisis and international trade law (Part One of a Trilogy). Am Univ Int Law Rev 14:845–956Google Scholar
  2. Bhala R (2001) The power of the past: towards de jure stare decisis in WTO adjudication (Part Three of a Trilogy). George Wash Int Law Rev 33:873–978Google Scholar
  3. Bhala R (2015a) Dictionary of international trade law. Carolina Academic Press, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhala R (2015b) International trade law: an interdisciplinary, non-western textbook, vol 1. Carolina Academic Press, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  5. Bhala R (2019) International trade law: a comprehensive textbook, vol 1. Carolina Academic Press, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhala R (Fall 1999) The precedent setters: de facto stare decisis in WTO adjudication (Part Two of a Trilogy). 9 Fla State Univ J Transnatl Law Policy 9:1–151Google Scholar
  7. Bhala R (Fall 2018) Lessons about NAFTA renegotiations from Shakespeare’s Othello: from the three Amigo’s to America as Iago?. Md J Int Law 33:38–105Google Scholar
  8. European Commission (2018) European commission—press release, WTO reform: EU proposes way forward on the functioning of the Appellate Body. European commission press release database. http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-6529_en.htm. Accessed 3 Mar 2019
  9. Office of the United States trade Representative (2018) Statement of the United States by Ambassador Dennis Shea at the 14th WTO trade policy review of the United States of America. https://ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2018/december/statement-united-states-ambassador. Accessed 8 Mar 2019
  10. Univ of Kans Wheat Law Library Res & Study Guides, International Trade Law: WTO General. https://guides.law.ku.edu/c.php?g=705128&p=6121043. Accessed 8 Mar 2019
  11. World Trade Organization (2018) Statement by the United States on the precedential value of panel or Appellate Body reports. https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news18_e/dsb_18dec18_e.htm. Accessed 8 Mar 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of Kansas School of Law, Dentons U.S. LLP, Bloomberg QuintLawrenceUSA

Personalised recommendations