Optimal Water Utilization and Allocation Strategy Based on Water Footprint Accounting

  • Meng XuEmail author
  • Chunhui Li


The implementation of the critical strategies related to sustainable water utilization and management is one of most effective countermeasures to conquer the water crisis. As fact proves that one of the fundamental causes of the current water crisis is the intensity of industrial production activities. Therefore, the understanding of the industrial water utilization structure of the economic sectors in relation to water resource flows from production to household consumption is essential to solving the problems of the water availability. Consequently, in this chapter based on the quantification results of the internal, external blue and gray water footprints of 25 industrial sectors in Dalian city of China in 2012, an optimal water allocation model is established with constraints from the projected water footprints from the STIRPAT and the Grey Prediction models. The results of the model indicated that both the economic output targets and water resources supply constraints could be achieved for the projected year 2020 upon the optimal allocation model.


Grey prediction model Optimal allocation model Industrial sectors Input-output table Sustainable water utilization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public AdministrationZhejiang University of Finance and EconomicsHangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of EnvironmentBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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