# Mathematical Design and Analysis of Photovoltaic Cell Using MATLAB/Simulink

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 1048)

## Abstract

This study explored different models of PV cell, namely, single diode model and double diode models using MATLAB/Simulink Environment. The output power and current characteristics are analyzed for different solar intensity radiations and temperature variations of PV cell. Simulation results are obtained for different atmospheric and temperature conditions. The simulation results reveal that the double diode model generates maximum power and has a higher efficiency compared to single diode model.

## Keywords

Current and power against voltage curves Modeling of PV cell Solar irradiations

## Nomenclature

IPV

PV cell current (A)

VPV

PV cell voltage (V)

Tref

Reference temperature of PV cell (Kelvin)

T

Operating temperature of PV cell (Kelvin)

Tn

Nominal temperature of PV cell (Kelvin)

Voc

PV cell open-circuit voltage (V)

Kv

Voltage coefficient (−0.360 V)

K

Boltzmann’s constant (1.38 × 10−23)

Ns

Number of cells in series

Np

Number of cells in parallel

G

Gn

Ki

Current coefficient (0.06)

q

Electrical value (1.6 × 10−19 C)

a1, a2

Ideality factor of diode

I0n

Nominal diode saturation current (A)

Ig

Photon current of PV (A)

Ish

Shunt resistor current (A)

Rp

Shunt resistor (Ω)

Rs

Series resistor (Ω)

Id

Current flowing through the diode (A)

Isc_n

Nominal short-circuit current (A)

VMPP

Maximum peak voltage

IMPP

Maximum peak current

Ig_STC

Photon current at STC

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

## Authors and Affiliations

• CH Hussaian Basha
• 1
• C. Rani
• 1
Email author
• R. M. Brisilla
• 1
• S. Odofin
• 2
1. 1.School of Electrical EngineeringVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
2. 2.School of Energy and EnvironmentUniversity of DerbyDerbyUK