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Adverse Effect of Drought on Quality of Major Cereal Crops: Implications and Their Possible Mitigation Strategies

  • Ayman EL SabaghEmail author
  • Akbar Hossain
  • Celaleddin Barutçular
  • Mohammad Sohidul Islam
  • Zahoor Ahmad
  • Allah Wasaya
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
  • Shah Fahad
  • Sytar Oksana
  • Yaser Mohamed Hafez
  • Ullah Najeeb
  • Fatih ÇIĞ
  • Ömer Konuşkan
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
Chapter
  • 76 Downloads

Abstract

Cereal crops are the major contributors to the global dietary intake of nutrients, and therefore, grain quality is an important trait for crop improvement. Grain quality in cereals is strongly influenced by genotype and environmental factors. Drought stress alone significantly reduces grain yield and quality of cereal crops worldwide. The present paper discusses the impact of drought on qualitative traits of cereal crops and suggests strategies to enhance grain quality. Drought significantly affects the nutritional properties and quality traits of crops by modifying morphological, physiological, and biochemical traits in plants. This understanding may help plant breeders in developing drought-tolerant varieties while maintaining the desired quality characteristics. Various management techniques have been suggested to enhance grain quality of crops under harsh environments. Among those, exogenous application of potential osmoprotectants (OSP) alone or in combination with soil organic amendments is a promising approach to alleviate drought stress and could be helpful in ameliorating the harmful effects of drought stresses on crop quality.

Keywords

Drought amelioration Drought stress Oil and protein content Cereal and oilseed crops Quality 

Abbreviations

ABA

Abscisic acid

AC

Ash content

AsA

Ascorbic acid

AY

Ash yield

chl a

Chlorophyll a

chl b

Chlorophyll b

CI

Conventional irrigation

DSI

Drought stress index

DW

Dry weight

Fe

Iron

FW

Fresh weight

FYM

Farm yard manure

GB

Glycinebetaine

GW

Grain weight

GY

Grain yield

MDA

Malondialdehyde

OSP

Osmoprotectants

OY

Oil yield

PAL

Phenylalanine ammonia lyase

PC

Protein content

POD

Peroxidase

Pro

Proline

RLWC

Relative leaf water content

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

RWC

Relative water content

SA

Salicylic acid

SC

Starch content

Se

Selenium

SI

Supplemental irrigation

SOD

Superoxide dismutase

SY

Starch yield

Tre

Trehalose

TW

Test weight

UV

Ultraviolet radiation

Zn

Zinc

Notes

Conflict of Interest

Authors declared no conflict of interest.

Disclaimer

We hereby declare that this review contains no material which has been accepted for the award of any degree or diploma in any university, and that, to the best of our knowledge and belief, the review contains no copy of any material previously published or written by another person except where due reference is made in the text.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayman EL Sabagh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Akbar Hossain
    • 3
  • Celaleddin Barutçular
    • 4
  • Mohammad Sohidul Islam
    • 5
  • Zahoor Ahmad
    • 6
  • Allah Wasaya
    • 7
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
    • 8
  • Shah Fahad
    • 9
  • Sytar Oksana
    • 10
  • Yaser Mohamed Hafez
    • 11
  • Ullah Najeeb
    • 12
  • Fatih ÇIĞ
    • 2
  • Ömer Konuşkan
    • 13
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman
    • 14
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureKafrelsheikh UniversityKafr El-SheikhEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureSiirt UniversitySiirtTurkey
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyBangladesh Wheat and Maize Research InstituteNashipur, DinajpurBangladesh
  4. 4.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of CukurovaAdanaTurkey
  5. 5.Department of AgronomyHajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology UniversityDinajpurBangladesh
  6. 6.Department of Life SciencesThe Islamia University of BahawalpurBahawalpurPakistan
  7. 7.College of AgricultureBahauddin Zakariya UniversityLayyahPakistan
  8. 8.Department of AgronomyInstitute of Agricultural Sciences (BHU)VaranasiIndia
  9. 9.Department of AgricultureUniversity of SwabiKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan
  10. 10.Department of Plant PhysiologySlovak University of Agriculture in NitraNitraSlovakia
  11. 11.EPCRS Excellence Center, Plant Pathology and Biotechnology Laboratory, Agriculture Botany Department, Faculty AgricultureKafrelsheikh UniversityKafr El-SheikhEgypt
  12. 12.Faculty of Science, Plant Breeding Institute, Sydney Institute of Agriculture, School of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  13. 13.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureMustafa Kemal UniversityHatayTurkey
  14. 14.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureSher-e-Bangla Agricultural UniversityDhakaBangladesh

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