Drought and Heat Stress in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.): Consequences and Their Possible Mitigation Strategies

  • Ayman EL SabaghEmail author
  • Akbar Hossain
  • Md. Sohidul Islam
  • Celaleddin Barutcular
  • Disna Ratnasekera
  • Ozgul Gormus
  • Khizer Amanet
  • Muhammad Mubeen
  • Wajid Nasim
  • Shah Fahad
  • Muhammad Tariq
  • Analia Llanes
  • Ram Swaroop Meena
  • Akihiro Ueda
  • Hirofumi Saneoka
  • Murat Erman
  • Mirza Hasanuzzaman


Drought and heat are the most important abiotic stresses that adversely affect phenology, growth, fiber yield, as well as the quality of cotton across the world. The problem will become more severe in future climate change scenarios because of the frequent occurrence of high temperatures and water shortage. Development of high yielding cotton genotypes, resistant to drought and heat stress, is one of the most important priorities of cotton breeders. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the genotypic performance for heat and drought stress and also important to understand the physiological, biochemical responses to stresses as well as the agronomic performance of the genotypes under stress conditions. The correlation between yield and physiological as well as biochemical (nonenzymatic antioxidants and enzymatic antioxidants) responses of cotton under heat and drought stress conditions is also the most important factor to develop the efficient genotypes that are possible to grow. Whereas, screening of cotton genotypes under heat and drought stress is one of the essential protocols that can be used to select a large number of population within the shortest period. This approach can be used to differentiate the agronomical, physiological, and biochemical attributes of cotton genotypes contrasting for drought and heat stress tolerance. The present review tried to highlight the management strategies that could be useful to mitigate the drought and heat stress by using antioxidant, phytohormone, nutrient management, and other appropriate management strategies for maximizing cotton yield. While, among the compatible antioxidants, exogenous application of proline or glycine betaine is a good option to improve drought and heat tolerance in cotton. Therefore, foliar application of antioxidants in combination with soil-applied organic fertilizers is very effective for reducing the negative effect of drought and heat stress and to increase productivity.


Antioxidants Cotton Drought Heat Tolerance physiology 



Photosynthetically active radiation


Ascorbic acid


Abscisic acid


Ascorbate peroxidase


Cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase 1






Cellular membrane thermostability


Chlorophyll stability index


Canopy temperature depression


Drought stress index


Gibberellic acid


Glycine betaine


Geometric mean productivity


Glutathione reductase


Heat susceptibility index


Jasmonic acid


Leaf electrolyte leakage




Methyljasmonic acid


Mean productivity




Reactive oxygen species


Relative water content


Salicylic acid


Superoxide dismutase


Stress susceptibility index


Stress tolerance efficiency


Stress tolerance index


Vapor pressure deficit


Yield stability index


Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this work.


We hereby declare that the review contains no materials which have been accepted for the award of any degree or diploma in any university/institute. To the best of our knowledge and belief, the manuscript contains no copy of any material previously published or written by another person except where due reference is made in the text.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureKafrelsheikh UniversityKafr el-SheikhEgypt
  2. 2.Bangladesh Wheat and Maize Research InstituteDinajpurBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyHajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology UniversityDinajpurBangladesh
  4. 4.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureCukurova UniversityAdanaTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Agricultural Biology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of RuhunaMataraSri Lanka
  6. 6.Department of Environmental SciencesCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyVehariPakistan
  7. 7.Department of AgricultureUniversity of SwabiKhyber PakhtunkhwaPakistan
  8. 8.Central Cotton Research InstituteMultanPakistan
  9. 9.Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Natural SciencesUniversidad Nacional de Río CuartoRío CuartoArgentina
  10. 10.Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural SciencesBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  11. 11.Plant Nutritional Physiology, Graduate School of Biosphere ScienceHiroshima UniversityHigashihiroshimaJapan
  12. 12.Department of Field Crops, Faculty of AgricultureSiirt UniversitySiirtTurkey
  13. 13.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureSher-e-Bangla Agricultural UniversityDhakaBangladesh

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