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Abiotic Stress Responses and Tolerance Mechanisms for Sustaining Crop Productivity in Sugarcane

  • Sangeeta SrivastavaEmail author
  • Pavan Kumar
Chapter
  • 53 Downloads

Abstract

Sugarcane (Saccharum species hybrids) is a long duration, high-water-requiring agroeconomic crop cultivated in various climatic conditions. Being a long duration crop, it faces vagaries of climate all the year-round affecting plant growth and development, synthesis of sugar, its accumulation and recovery, and ratooning ability. Climate change brings an increase in greenhouse gases (GHGs), temperature, extreme events, drought, heavy rainfall, western disturbance, changes in the level of the sea, etc. and culminates into multiple abiotic stresses affecting soil health, growth, and development of cane and its chemical composition, ripening, and availability of the seed cane. Besides, it aggravates some other abiotic and biotic stresses augmenting the losses further. But, sugarcane is relatively more resilient to abiotic stresses probably due to some natural endowments like a good deal of compensatory ability, C4 photosynthesis, higher-temperature optima for most of the growth processes except sugar accumulation, higher water-use efficiency, and genetic components from Saccharum spontaneum. All these characteristics impart tolerance in sugarcane to various abiotic stresses and carbon sequestration as phytoliths, etc. which helps reduce the damaging impact of various abiotic stresses. Further, the development of climate-resilient sugarcane varieties and technological interventions for stress management may mitigate the impact of climate change-induced multiple abiotic stresses and sustain sugarcane and sugar productivity. Physiological interventions like inducing drought hardiness, deeper root system, reduction of heat load by trash mulching, increasing the age of the crop at the advent of moisture stress, organic matter amendment in the soil, nutrient management, managing rhizospheric salinity/alkalinity, etc. also contribute to elevate its stress tolerance. A number of genes, molecular markers, and miRNAs related with abiotic stress response also contribute to the resilience of sugarcane to abiotic stresses.

Keywords

Climate change Abiotic Stress miRNA Stress tolerance 

Abbreviations

ABA

abscisic acid

ABF

ABRE binding factor

ABRE

ABA-responsive element

Adh1

alcohol dehydrogenase

ALDH5F1

aldehyde dehydrogenase

ANPs

anaerobic proteins

APX

ascorbate peroxidase

AREB

ABRE-binding protein

AS

asparagine synthase

bZIP

basic leucine zipper

cAPX

cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase

CAT

catalase

CDPK

calcium-dependent protein kinase

DHAR

dehydroascorbate reductase

DHNs

dehydrins

DRE

dehydration-responsive cis-acting element

DREB

DRE-binding protein

ERF

ethylene-responsive element-binding factor

GB

glycine betaine

GBF1

G-box-binding factor-1

GPOX

guaiacol peroxidase

GR

glutathione reductase

GSHS1

glutathione synthase

GST1

glutathione-S-transferase

IGS

indole 3-glycerol phosphate synthase

LEA

late embryogenesis abundant

MAPK

mitogen-activated protein kinase

MDA

malondialdehyde

miRNA

microRNA

MYB

myeloblastosis

MYC

myelocytomatosis

NADP-ME

NADP malic enzyme

NIPs

NOD 26-like intrinsic proteins

OAT

ornithine aminotransferase

P5CS

Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase

PCK

phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase

PEPcase

phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase

PIN1

polar auxin transport gene

PIPs

plasma membrane-intrinsic proteins

PLD

phospholipase D

POD

peroxidase

POX

proline oxidase

PPDK

pyruvate phosphate dikinase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

Rubisco

ribulose- 1, 5-biphosphate carboxylase

SAM

S-adenosyl methionine

ScMYB2

sugarcane R2R3-Myb gene

SIPs

small basic intrinsic proteins

SOD

superoxide dismutase

SOS

salt overly sensitive

TAPX

thylakoid ascorbate peroxidases

TFs

transcription factors

TIPs

tonoplast intrinsic proteins

TSase

Grifola frondosa trehalose synthase

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Crop ImprovementICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyBundelkhand UniversityJhansiIndia

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