Policy Regulations and Future Recommendations

  • Pallavi Saxena
  • Saurabh Sonwani


Air quality has been worsened due to increase in urbanization and industrialization both nationally and internationally. This poor air quality has affected floral and faunal diversity severely. This will affect the whole ecosystem widely. The major factors including biomass burning, high vehicular emissions, increment in industrial emissions and increase in demand for energy are responsible for increase in air pollution. Therefore, both natural and anthropogenic activities are responsible for the alarming high concentrations of criteria air pollutants. Criteria air pollutants are hazardous categories of air pollutants under Clean Air Act, 1990, and urgent step has been needed by EPA to set permissible limits for them. Hence, it is an important agenda to control and mitigate these air pollutants which are affecting plants/vegetation, human health and other environmental concerns along with their sources. Hence, this chapter aims at various control strategies designed by national as well as international agencies to combat the deleterious concentrations of criteria air pollutants. Control strategies include various norms, implementation of clean air act policies, mitigation protocols and laws and legislations.


Criteria air pollutants Control policies Clean Air Act Air quality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pallavi Saxena
    • 1
  • Saurabh Sonwani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesHindu College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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