Advertisement

Entrepreneurship: Nation as a Context

  • Archana SinghEmail author
  • Satyajit Majumdar
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Business and Economics book series (SPBE)

Abstract

Entrepreneurship contributes not only to economic growth, but also to overall development of the country. Entrepreneurship is highly contextual. It is important to understand how ‘context’ influences entrepreneurship, because country-specific intervention is needed to promote entrepreneurship in different countries. Thus, the present study considers ‘Nation’ as a context at the primary level and then analyses country-specific micro-level contextual factors to understand its impact on entrepreneurship. Recognizing the commonality of culture in ‘South Asian Nations’ and ‘Central Asian Nations’, and also uniqueness in historical backgrounds, five countries—Bangladesh, India, Kazakhstan, Nepal and Russia—have been chosen purposely for the study. We used ‘Narrative Perspective’ for this Phenomenological study to build up narratives on important concepts. Theory building approach suggested by Carlile and Christensen (The cycles of theory building in management research, 2005) and Christensen (The ongoing process of building a theory of disruption. J Prod Innov Manage 23:39–55, 2006) has also inspired the study. Based on the findings, several propositions have been developed, which open up the agenda for future research.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship Social entrepreneurship South Asia Central Asia Bangladesh India Kazakhstan Nepal Russia 

References

  1. Acs, Z., & Virgill, N. (2009). Entrepreneurship in developing countries. Retrieved on December 2, 2016 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.415.9691&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  2. Austin, J., Stevenson, H., & Wei-Skillern, J. (2006). Social and commercial entrepreneurship: Same, different, or both? Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bird, B. (1988). Implementing entrepreneurial ideas: The case for intention. The Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boettke, P. J., & Coyne, C. J. (2009). Context matters: Institutions and entrepreneurship. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 5(3), 135–209.  https://doi.org/10.1561/0300000018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carlile, P. R., & Christensen, C. M. (2005). The cycles of theory building in management research. Retrieved on April 19, 2019 from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.335.2372&rep=rep1&type=pdf.
  6. Chamberlain, D. (1990). The concept of narrative perspective. In Narrative perspective in fiction: A phenomenological meditation of reader, text, and world (pp. 77–129). University of Toronto Press. Retrieved on April 19, 2019 from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.3138/j.ctt2ttgv0.8.
  7. Christensen, C. M. (2006). The ongoing process of building a theory of disruption. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 23, 39–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cunningham, J. B., & Lischeron, J. (1991). Defining entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 29, 45–61.Google Scholar
  9. Gartner, W. B. (1985). A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation. The Academy of Management Review, 10(4), 696–706.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gartner, W. B. (1988). “Who is an entrepreneur?” Is the wrong question. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 13(4), 47–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ireland, R. D., & Webb, J. W. (2007). A cross-disciplinary exploration of entrepreneurship research. Journal of Management, 33(6), 891–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lazear, E. P. (2005). Entrepreneurship. Journal of Labor Economics, 23(4), 649–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Misra, S., & Kumar, E. S. (2000). Resourcefulness: A proximal conceptualisation of entrepreneurial behaviour. The Journal of Entrepreneurship, 9(2), 135–154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Moroz, P. W., & Hindle, K. (2011). Entrepreneurship as a process: Toward harmonising multiple perspectives. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 781–818.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2011.00452.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Naudé, W. (2013). Entrepreneurship and economic development: Theory, evidence and policy. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7507. Retrieved on December 2, 2016 from http://iza.org/dp7507.pdf.
  16. Paltasingh, T. (2012). Entrepreneurship education & culture of enterprise: Relevance & policy issues. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(2), 233–246.Google Scholar
  17. Rejai, M., & Enloe, C. H. (1969). Nation-states and state-nations. International Studies Quarterly, 13(2), 140–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ripsas, S. (1998). Toward an interdisciplinary theory of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 10, 103–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Shinnar, R. S., Giacomin, O., & Janssen, F. (2012). Entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions: The role of gender and culture. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 465–493.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2012.00509.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Smith, D. (2010). The role of entrepreneurship in economic growth. Retrieved on December 2, 2016 from http://digitalcommons.iwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1064&context=uer.
  21. Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  22. van Praag, M., & Versloot, P. H. (2007). What is the value of entrepreneurship? A review of recent research. Small Business Economics, 29(4), 351–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Venkatarman, S. (1997). The distinctive domain of entrepreneurship research: An editor’s perspective. In J. Katz & R. Brockhaus (Eds.), Advances in entrepreneurship, firm emergence, and growth. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  24. Weick, K. E. (1995). What theory is not, theorizing is. Administrative Science Quarterly, 40(3), 385–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wei-Skillern, J., Austin, J. E., Leonard, H., & Stevenson, H. (2007). Entrepreneurship in the social sector. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  26. Welter, F. (2011). Contextualizing entrepreneurship-conceptual challenges and ways forward. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 35(1), 165–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zahra, S. A. (2007). Contextualizing theory building in entrepreneurship research. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 443–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Web links

  1. The Key to Entrepreneurial Success in South Asia. Retrieved on November 30, 2018 from https://techcrunch.com/2013/10/19/founders-you-dont-need-to-be-like-silicon-valley/.
  2. Nation and State. Retrieved on November 30, 2018 from http://download.nos.org/srsec317newE/317EL2.pdf.
  3. www.birac.nic.in, February 19, 2019.
  4. www.niti.gov.in, February 19, 2019.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Management and Labour Studies, Centre for Social EntrepreneurshipTata Institute of Social SciencesMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations