• Xinlei Zhu
  • Wei Zhang
  • Jiaxing Wang
  • Hua YanEmail author
Part of the Ocular Trauma book series (OCTRA)


Sports-related eye injuries have received more and more attention in recent years with the increase of its prevalence. It may cause permanent visual impairment and blindness (Leivo et al., ActaOphthalmol 93(3):224–31, 2015; Lundin et al., WMJ 113(3):99–101, 2014), which places a huge burden on individuals, families, and healthcare systems. Compared with adult group, sports-related eye injuries are more common in pediatric group (Miller et al., WMJ 113(3):99–101, 2014; Podbielski et al., Can J Ophthalmol 44(5):519–22, 2009; Kadappu et al., ClinExpOphthalmol 41(5):427–34, 2013; Hoskin et al., Acta Ophthalmol 94(6):e407–10, 2016). In addition, eye injuries caused by various sports may result in different consequences, which bring enormous challenges for ophthalmologist. It is noted that 90% of sports-related eye injuries are preventable with adequate protective equipment (Bro and Ghosh, Scand J Med Sci Sports 27(4):430–434, 2017; Goldstein and Wee, Eye Contact Lens 37(3):160–3, 2011). Therefore, knowing the risks and proper protection before the sports activities is the key to prevent sports-related eye injuries.


Sports-related eye injury Sports classification Epidemiology Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology Protection 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyTianjin Medical University General HospitalTianjinChina
  2. 2.Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Key Lab of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tianjin Eye Institute, Clinical College of OphthalmologyTianjin Medical UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA

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