Advertisement

Island Stories

  • Sophia Davis
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter outlines the imaginative appeal of the island, which has always resonated strongly in Britain. It contextualises the “island nation” in terms of its extension and simultaneous emptying through the British Empire, and its renewed importance and anxieties during the phase of imperial decline and the new threats of aerial warfare. As attention refocused on the insular core and the nation’s historical continuity, the countryside was “rediscovered” in relation to local and national identity. Placing the book within environmental and military histories and cultural geographies, the chapter introduces the interest of coastal Suffolk in the period 1930–1969, an island within the island through which stories of the countryside, natural history and military history were played out.

References

  1. Anderson, Benedict. 1983. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, Samuel. 2010. Written on the Water: British Romanticism and the Maritime Empire of Culture. London: University of Virginia Press.Google Scholar
  3. Barnett, Anthony. 2017. The Lure of Greatness: England’s Brexit and America’s Trump. London: Unbound.Google Scholar
  4. Barnett, Correlli. 1986. The Collapse of British Power. New York: Humanities Press International.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 2001. The Verdict of Peace (Pride and Fall). London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  6. Barrell, John. 1980. The Dark Side of Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting, 1730–1840. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Beer, Gillian. 1989. “Discourses of the Island.” In Literature and Science as Modes of Expression, edited by F. Amrine and R. S. Cohen. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 1990. “The Island and the Aeroplane: The Case of Virginia Woolf.” In Nation and Narration, edited by H. K. Bhabha. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Bhabha, Homi. 1990. Nation and Narration. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Bourke, Joanna. 2014. Wounding the World: How Military Violence and War-Play Invades Our Lives. London: Virago.Google Scholar
  11. Brace, Catherine. 1999. “Looking Back: The Cotswolds and English National Identity, c. 1890–1950.” Journal of Historical Geography 25: 502–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. ———. 2003. “Rural Mappings.” In Country Visions, edited by P. Cloke. Harlow: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
  13. Brannigan, John. 2014. Archipelagic Modernism: Literature in the Irish and British Isles, 1890–1970. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Burchardt, Jeremy. 2002. Paradise Lost: Rural Idyll and Social Change Since 1800. London: I.B. Tauris.Google Scholar
  15. Charlton, L. E. O. 1938. The Air Defence of Britain. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  16. Clarke, David. 1999. “Scareships over Britain: The Airship Wave of 1909.” Fortean Studies 6: 39–63.Google Scholar
  17. Clarke, Graham. 1940. Prehistoric England. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  18. Coates, Peter. 1998. Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  19. Colley, Linda. 2003. “‘This Small Island’: Britain, Size and Empire: Rayleigh Lecture on History.” Proceedings of the British Academy 121: 171–190.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 2005. Forging the Nation, 1707–1837. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Cosgrove, Denis. 1985. Social Formation and Symbolic Landscape. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble.Google Scholar
  22. Daniels, Stephen. 1993. Fields of Vision: Landscape Imagery and National Identity in England and the United States. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Daniels, Stephen, and Hayden Lorimer. 2012. “Until the End of Days: Narrating Landscape and Environment.” Cultural Geographies 19: 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Darwin, John. 1991. The End of the British Empire. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.Google Scholar
  25. Deer, Patrick. 2009. Culture in Camouflage: War, Empire and Modern British Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Dudley, Marianna. 2012. An Environmental History of the UK Defence Estate, 1945 to the Present. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  27. Edgerton, David. 2006. Warfare State: Britain, 1920–1970. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Edwards, Sam. 2015. Allies in Memory: World War II and the Politics of Transatlantic Commemoration, c. 1941–2001. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Etsy, Jed. 2004. A Shrinking Island: Modernism and National Culture in England. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Evans, David. 1992. A History of Nature Conservation in Britain. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  31. Geyer, Michael. 1989. “The Militarization of Europe, 1914–1945.” In The Militarization of the Western World, edited by John Gillis. London: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Gillis, John. 2004. Islands of the Mind: How the Human Imagination Created the Atlantic World. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  33. Gruffudd, Pyrs. 1991. “Reach for the Sky: The Air and English Cultural Nationalism.” Landscape Research 16: 19–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. ———. 1995. “Remaking Wales: Nation-Building and the Geographical Imagination, 1925–50.” Political Geography 14: 219–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Gruffudd, Pyrs, David Herbert, and Angela Piccini. 2000. “In Search of Wales: Travel Writing and Narratives of Difference, 1918–1950.” Journal of Historical Geography 26: 589–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Gusterton, Hugh. 2007. “Anthropology and Militarism.” Annual Review of Anthropology 36: 155–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Haigron, David, ed. 2017. The English Countryside: Representations, Identities, Mutations. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  38. Hauser, Kitty. 2008. Bloody Old Britain. London: Granta Books.Google Scholar
  39. Howkins, Alun. 2003. The Death of Rural England: A Social History of the Countryside Since 1900. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  40. Hunter, Michael, ed. 1996. Preserving the Past: The Rise of Heritage in Modern Britain. Stroud: Alan Sutton.Google Scholar
  41. Ingham, John H. 1952. The Islands of England: A Survey of the Islands Around England and Wales and the Channel Islands. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  42. Jameson, Frederic. 1990. “Modernism and Imperialism.” In Nationalism, Colonialism and Literature. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  43. Jardine, Boris. 2016. “Mechanical Subjectivity: Mass Observation and the Scientific Citizen in Interwar Britain.” In Invisibility and Labour in the Human Sciences, edited by Jenny Bangham and Judith Kaplan. Max Planck Institute for the History of Science. Preprint 484.Google Scholar
  44. Lockley, Ronald M. 1945. Islands Round Britain. London: Collins.Google Scholar
  45. Lorimer, Hayden. 2000. “Guns, Game and the Grandee. The Cultural Politics of Deerstalking in the Scottish Highlands.” Cultural Geographies 7: 403–431.Google Scholar
  46. ———. 2006. “Herding Memories of Humans and Animals.” Environmental Planning D: Society and Space 24: 497–518.Google Scholar
  47. Lorimer, Hayden, and Nick Spedding. 2005. “Locating Field Science: A Geographical Family Expedition to Glen Roy, Scotland.” British Journal for the History of Science 38: 13–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Lowenthal, David. 1985. The Past Is a Foreign Country. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  49. ———. 1996. Possessed by the Past: The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  50. Lowerson, John. 1980. “Battles for the Countryside.” In Class, Culture and Social Change: A New View of the 1930s, edited by Frank Gloversmith, 258–280. Brighton: Harvester Press.Google Scholar
  51. MacDonald, Fraser. 2006a. “The Last Post of Empire: Rockall and the Cold War.” Journal of Historical Geography 32: 627–647.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. ———. 2006b. “Geopolitics and ‘The Vision Thing’: Regarding Britain and America’s First Nuclear Missile.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 31: 53–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Matless, David. 1996. “Visual Culture and Geographical Citizenship: England in the 1940s.” Journal of Historical Geography 22: 424–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. ———. 1998. Landscape and Englishness. London: Reaktion Books.Google Scholar
  55. ———. 2000. “Versions of Animal–Human: Broadland, c. 1945–1970.” In Animal Spaces, Beastly Places, edited by Chris Philo and C. Wilbert. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  56. ———. 2014. In the Nature of Landscape: Cultural Geography on the Norfolk Broads. Oxford: Wiley.Google Scholar
  57. Matless, David, P. Merchant, and C. Watkins. 2005. “Animal Landscapes: Otters and Wildfowl in England 1945–1970.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geography 30: 191–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. McEnaney, Laura. 2000. Civil Defence Begins at Home: Militarization Meets Everyday Life in the Fifties. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Mellor, David. 1987. A Paradise Lost: The Neo-Romantic Imagination in Britain 1935–55. London: Lund Humphries Publishers.Google Scholar
  60. Merriman, Peter, George Revill, Tim Cresswell, Hayden Lorimer, David Matless, Gillian Rose, and John Wylie. 2008. “Landscape, Mobility, Practice.” Social and Cultural Geography 9: 191–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Nairn, Tom. 2003. The Break-Up of Britain: Crisis and Neo-Nationalism. Third, expanded edition. Edinburgh: Big Thinking.Google Scholar
  62. Nicholas, Sian. 1996. The Echo of War: Homefront Propaganda and the Wartime BBC, 1939–1945. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  63. Olwig, Kenneth. 1996. “Recovering the Substantive Nature of Landscape.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 86: 630–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Orr, Jackie. 2004. “The Militarization of Inner Space.” Critical Sociology 30: 451–481.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Patterson, Ian. 2007. Guernica and Total War. London: Profile.Google Scholar
  66. Pearson, Mike. 2006. ‘In Comes I’: Performance, Memory and Landscape. Exeter: Exeter University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Peckham, Robert S. 2003. “The Uncertain State of Islands: National Identity and the Discourse of Islands in Nineteenth-Century Britain and Greece.” Journal of Historical Geography 29(4): 499–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Pennington, James. 1950. “East Anglia.” In Country Lover’s Companion: The Wayfarer’s Guide to the Varied Scenery of Britain and the People Who Live and Work in the Countryside. London: Odhams Press.Google Scholar
  69. Polack, Fiona. 1998. “Writing and Rewriting the Island: Tasmania, Politics and Contemporary Island Fiction.” In Message in a Bottle: The Literature of Small Islands, edited by L. Brinklow, F. Ledwell, and J. Ledwell, 215–230. Charlottetown: Institute of Island Studies and University of Prince Edward Island.Google Scholar
  70. Porter, Bernard. 2004. The Lion’s Share: A Short History of British Imperialism 1850–2004. New York: Pearson and Longman.Google Scholar
  71. Priestley, J. B. 1940. Postscripts. London: William Heinemann.Google Scholar
  72. Riding and Jones, eds. 2017. Reanimating Regions: Culture, Politics and Performance. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  73. Rose, Nikolas. 1996. Inventing Our Selves: Psychology, Power, and Personhood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  74. Said, Edward. 1994. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage.Google Scholar
  75. Samuel, Raphael. 1998. Island Stories: Unravelling Britain: Theatres of Memory, Volume II. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  76. Searle, R. 2009. “The War Artists’ Advisory Committee, Aviation and the Nation During the Second World War.” Forum 8.Google Scholar
  77. Sheail, John. 1998. Nature Conservation in Britain: The Formative Years. London: The Stationary Office.Google Scholar
  78. Taylor, John. 1994. A Dream of England. Landscape Photography, and the Tourist’s Imagination. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  79. Tivers, J. 1999. “‘The Home of the British Army’: The Iconic Construction of Military Defence Landscapes.” Landscape Research 24: 303–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Virilio, Paul. 1989. War and Cinema: The Logistics of Perception. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  81. ———. 2002. Desert Screen: War at the Speed of Light. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  82. Ward, Paul. 2004. Britishness Since 1870. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  83. Webster, Wendy. 2005. Englishness and Empire 1939–1965. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  84. Wells, H. G. 1928. The Way the World Is Going. London: Ernest Benn.Google Scholar
  85. Williams, Raymond. 1975. The Country and the City. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  86. ———. 1989. The Politics of Modernism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  87. Wood, David. 2004. “Territoriality and Identity at RAF Menwith Hill.” In Architectures: Modernism and After, edited by Andrew Ballantyne. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  88. Woodward, Rachel. 1998. “‘It’s a Man’s Life!’: Soldiers, Masculinity and the Countryside.” Gender, Place and Culture 5: 277–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. ———. 2001. “Khaki Conservation: An Examination of Military Environmentalist Discourses in the Army.” Journal of Rural Studies 17: 201–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. ———. 2005. Military Geographies. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  91. Woolf, Virginia. 1941. Between the Acts. London: Hogarth Press.Google Scholar
  92. Wright, Patrick. 1985. On Living in an Old Country. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  93. ———. 1996. The Village That Died for England: The Strange Story of Tyneham. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
  94. Wylie, John. 2007. Landscape. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophia Davis
    • 1
  1. 1.BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations