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Vulnerability Assessment of the Agro-Based Households to Climate Change in the Bundelkhand Region and Suggesting Adaptation Strategies

  • Meeta Gupta
  • Jyoti P. Patil
  • V. C. Goyal
Chapter

Abstract

Natural disasters like droughts have worsened the conditions of the villages of Bundelkhand region, India. Droughts have caused a diverse impact on the economic, environmental and social conditions of the districts. Therefore, in order to identify the variability of vulnerability, Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was calculated to assess the vulnerability, with the purpose of identifying relevant adaptation response mechanisms. The index is applied in a comparative study of four selected watersheds of Bundelkhand region, that is Ur watershed (Tikamgarh district, Madhya Pradesh), Kathan watershed (Chhatarpur–Sagar district, Madhya Pradesh), Patrahi–Lakheri watershed (Jhansi district, Uttar Pradesh) and Sajnam watershed (Lalitpur district, Uttar Pradesh). The sub-watershed-based classification was used to assess the vulnerability of people, livelihood and ecosystem to climate change, using primary and secondary data, to identify highly vulnerable sub-watersheds within a watershed, and a comparative analysis was done amongst the four districts. The LVI–IPCC approach was used to reflect the vulnerability based on 39 environmental and socio-economic sub-indicators, through IPCC-identified components: exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. The overall vulnerability results reveal that the Ur watershed in Tikamgarh district was the most vulnerable to climate change than the rest due to high sensitivity and less adaptive capacity. The findings helped in suggesting sector specific as well as overall drought management and adaptation strategies to cope up with the climate change. These can be implemented by the state government and the local bodies to reduce the vulnerability and enhance adaptive capacity of all the four drought-prone districts.

Keywords

Climate change Adaptation Bundelkhand Drought LVI–IPCC Watershed 

Abbreviations

BPL

Below poverty line

FGD

Focused group discussion

IMR

Infant mortality rate

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

LVI

Livelihood Vulnerability Index

MoWR

Ministry of Water Resources

MP

Madhya Pradesh

MPCST

Madhya Pradesh Council of Science and Technology

NIH

National Institute of Hydrology

NP

Nagar Panchayat

PDS

Public distribution shop

SC

Scheduled Castes

SHG

Self-help group

SRR

Seed replacement rate

ST

Scheduled Tribes

SW

Sub-watershed

TIFAC

Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council

UP

Uttar Pradesh

UPRSAC

Remote Sensing Application Centre, Uttar Pradesh

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was carried out at the National Institute of Hydrology (NIH), under the projects supported by Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), Department of Science and Technology and Ministry of Water Resources, RD & GR, Government of India. The authors would like to acknowledge the team of Madhya Pradesh Council of Science and Technology (MPCST) and Remote Sensing Applications Centre, Uttar Pradesh (UPRSAC), for generating all GIS database required for the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meeta Gupta
    • 1
  • Jyoti P. Patil
    • 1
  • V. C. Goyal
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of HydrologyRoorkeeIndia

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