Numerical Analysis of Airflow Distribution in Data Center with Server Baffles

  • Xiaolei Yuan
  • Xuetao Zhou
  • Yu Wang
  • Jinxiang LiuEmail author
  • Xinjie Xu
  • Yuzhen Tao
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


In this study, servers are equipped with terminal baffles to optimize the thermal environment within data center and achieve energy conservation. The data center model is established by Airpak 3.0 packages based on an actual running data center. In the original model, the rack with the highest heat load (16.98 kW) is selected as the research object, while the exhaust airflow distribution of that rack is obtained. In order to optimize the exhaust airflow distribution, the optimization models with 8-cm baffles and six different baffle angles (0°, 15°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 75°) are established based on the original model. The results show that, although the use of 0° server baffles deteriorates the thermal environment, airflow distribution and cooling efficiency are improved to varying degrees when the inclination angle of the 8-cm baffles increases from 15 to 75°. The optimum thermal environment is achieved when the baffle angle is 45°. Under this circumstance, the maximum drop of rack hotspots reaches 2.5 °C.


Data center Airflow management Server baffles Energy conservation Rack hotspot 



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51806096) and the Natural Science Foundation of the Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions of China (Grant No. 18KJB560007).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaolei Yuan
    • 1
  • Xuetao Zhou
    • 1
  • Yu Wang
    • 1
  • Jinxiang Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xinjie Xu
    • 1
  • Yuzhen Tao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Urban ConstructionNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina

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