Advertisement

Effect of Two Heating Methods on Sleep Quality in the Elderly

  • Lulu Xia
  • Li LanEmail author
  • Jieyu Tang
Conference paper
  • 245 Downloads
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

With aging, human body changes. The elderly normally have problem in thermoregulation and sleep quality. Thus, a cold bedroom environment may cause the sleep problems of the elderly. This study focused on the effects of covering heating and mattress heating on sleep quality of the elderly. Experiment was carried out in the subjects’ own bedrooms in winter. Twelve elderly people were exposed to three conditions, following their daily sleeping schedule. Their sleep quality was evaluated subjectively using questionnaires and objectively with a continuously monitored wristband, called Fitbit Charge 2. Compared with no heating, the subjects felt warmer and had higher SE, longer TST, shorter SOL under two heating conditions. The subjects had shorter WASO and higher SE under covering heating, compared with mattress heating. These results suggest that bed heating improves sleep quality of the elderly in a cold environment, which is affordable and convenient for the elderly in cold winter, especially the covering heating.

Keywords

Sleep quality Heating Elderly 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The project is supported by National Natural Science Foundation (Number 51778359 and 51478260). The authors would like to thank the staff in the nursing house for their help, also the elderly who participated in the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Reid, K.J., Martinovich, Z., Finkel, S., et al.: Sleep: a marker of physical and mental health in the elderly. Am. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 14(10), 860–866 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hatice, T.: Sleep quality and quality of life among the elderly people. Neurol. Psychiatry Brain Res. 19(1), 48–52 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Foley, D.J., Monjan, A.A., Brown, S.L., et al.: Sleep complaints among elderly persons: an epidemiologic study of three communities. Sleep 18(6), 425–432 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maggi, S., Langlois, J.A., Minicuci, N., et al.: Sleep complaints in community-dwelling older persons: prevalence, associated factors, and reported causes. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 46(2), 161–168 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ford, D.E., Kamerow, D.B.: Epidemiologic study of sleep disturbances and psychiatric disorders: an opportunity for prevention? J. Am. Med. Assoc. (JAMA) 262(11), 1479–1484 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Foley, D., Ancoli-Israel, S., Britz, P., et al.: Sleep disturbances and chronic disease in older adults: results of the 2003 national sleep foundation sleep in America survey. J. Psychosom. Res. 56(5), 497–502 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miyata, S., Noda, A., Iwamoto, K., et al.: Poor sleep quality impairs cognitive performance in older adults. J. Sleep Res. 22(5), 535–541 (2013) (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tanaka, H., Shirakawa, S.: Sleep health, lifestyle and mental health in the Japanese elderly: Ensuring sleep to promote a healthy brain and mind. J. Psychosom. Res. 56(5), 465–477 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lan, L., Lian, Z.W., Lin, Y.B.: Comfortably cool bedroom environment during the initial phase of the sleeping period delays the onset of sleep in summer. Build. Environ. 103, 36–43 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lan, L., Lian, Z.W., Qian, X.L., et al.: The effects of programmed air temperature changes on sleep quality and energy saving in bedroom. Energy Build. 129, 207–214 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tokura, H., Imamura, R.: Effects of electrically heated blanket placed on sleeping mat upon thermoregulatory responses of women during night sleep at an ambient temperature of 9 °C. Int. J. Biometeorol. 31(1), 1 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Okamoto-Mizuno, K., Tsuzuki, K., Ohshiro, Y., et al.: Effects of an electric blanket on sleep stages and body temperature in young men. Ergonomics 48(7), 749–757 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lin, B.R., Wang, Z., Liu, Y.C., et al.: Investigation of winter indoor thermal environment and heating demand of urban residential buildings in China’s hot summer & cold winter climate region. Build. Environ. 101, 9–18 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Buysse, D.J., Iii, C.F.R., et al.: The Pittsburgh sleep quality index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 28(2), 193–213 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Katz, S., Downs, T.D., Cash, H.R., et al.: Progress in development of the index of ADL. Gerontologist 10(1 Part 1), 20–30 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pan, L., Lian, Z.W., Lan, L.: Evaluation of sleep quality under different thermal environments. In: Annual Conference of Shanghai Society of Refrigeration 2011, pp. 292–298. Shanghai, China (2011)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lan, L., Lian, Z.W., Huang, H.Y., et al.: Experimental study on thermal comfort of sleeping people at different air temperatures. Build. Environ. 73(1), 24–31 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lan, L., Lian, Z.W.: Application of statistical power analysis—how to determine the right sample size in human health, comfort and productivity research. Build. Environ. 45, 1202–1213 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    He, M.C., Lian, Z.W., et al.: Evaluation on the performance of quilts based on young people’s sleep quality and thermal comfort in winter. Energy Build. 183, 174–183 (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations