A Thermal Comfort Field Study of Naturally Ventilated Classrooms during Spring and Autumn in Xi’an, China

  • Jialu Liu
  • Xian Yang
  • Yanhua LiuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Thermal comfort in natural ventilated university classroom in Xi’an during transition seasons in autumn (November 2017) and spring (April 2018) was studied in this paper. Field experiments were carried out in the typical teaching buildings in Xi’an Jiaotong University. Indoor thermal environment parameters, including air temperature, black globe temperature, air velocity, and relative humidity, were continuously measured during classes. At the same time, the subjective questionnaires were used to acquire students’ thermal sensation, thermal preference, and thermal acceptability. 1686 valid questionnaires were received. Results showed that the neutral temperatures of autumn and spring are 20.6 °C and 23.2 °C, respectively, while the preferred temperatures are 22.8 °C and 23.8 °C. The thermal acceptability in all the cases measured in both seasons exceeded 80%. Due to the limitation of the adaptation behaviors of the students in classes, the adaptive predicted mean vote (aPMV) model, which is used to determine the thermal comfort in free-running buildings in China, predicts lager comfort temperature zone than the experimental results.


Adaptive thermal comfort Natural ventilation University classrooms 


Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The committee members are: Teng Chen and Hong Yan.

Informed Consent Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. The data obtained from the participants were anonymized.

Permissions Appropriate permissions from responsible authorities were obtained for study of thermal comfort in university classrooms.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Human Settlements and Civil EngineeringXi’an Jiaotong UniversityXi’anChina

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