The Development and Challenges of Oxidative Abatement for Contaminants of Emerging Concern

  • Stanisław Wacławek
  • Miroslav Černík
  • Dionysios D. DionysiouEmail author


For several years now, many substances that are known for saving the lives of billions of people, have paradoxically appeared as a new group of very dangerous contaminants. These compounds (for example, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, their metabolites, etc.) often have chronic and acute dangerous effects on humankind and other living beings. The presence of these pollutants is being documented and novel systems are being developed for their treatment every day. In this chapter, we review the literature from approximately the past 10 years, illustrating the decontamination of these chemicals by advanced oxidation processes (AOPs). A range of methods including novel catalytic systems for hydroxyl radical production as well as computation methods for prediction of CEC removal rate constants and their transformations are discussed. Furthermore, many (bio)transformation (by)products possess different (lower/higher) toxicological fingerprints, which can now also be assessed by advanced modelling. Moreover, many of these AOPs are limited commercially by their high capital and operating costs. All of these issues are addressed in this book chapter.


AOP Oxidation Remediation Pollutants of emerging concern Micropollutants 

Abbreviation List


2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid




Advanced Oxidation Processes


Activated Sludge Treatment






Butylated Hydroxytoluene


Bisphenol A








Cyclodextrin polymers


Contaminants of Emerging Concern


Computational Fluid Dynamics




Controlled Periodic Illumination




Dissolved Oxygen


Dissolved Organic Matter






Endocrine disruptors


Electrical energy per order for degradation






European Union




Graphitic Carbon Nitride


Hollow Carbon Nitride Nanospheres






In Situ Chemical Oxidation


International-Toxicity Equivalency Factor


Lactate Dehydrogenase


Low-Density Polyethylene


Linear Free Energy Relationship


Methyl-thiazolyl blue tetrazolium reduction


Nonylphenol ethoxylate




Ozonated microbubbles




Office of Science and Technology Policy




Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans




Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products


Polyvinyl Alcohol


Reactive Oxygen Species




Quantum Chemical Computations


Quantitative Structure–Activity(Property) Relationships








Task Force on emerging contaminants




Transformation Products




Transition State Theory


Ultraviolet light


Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant


Yeast Androgen Screen


Yeast Estrogen Screen



This review was supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports in the framework of the targeted support of the OPR & DI project ‘Extension of CxI facilities’ (CZ.1.05/2.1.00/19.0386). The authors would also like to acknowledge the assistance provided by the Research Infrastructure NanoEnviCz, supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic under Project No. LM2015073. This work was also supported by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic and the European Union—European Structural and Investment Funds in the framework of the Operational Programme Research, Development and Education—project ‘Hybrid Materials for Hierarchical Structures’ (HyHi, Reg. No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000843). D. D. Dionysiou also acknowledges support from the University of Cincinnati through a UNESCO co-Chair Professor position on ‘Water Access and Sustainability’ and the Herman Schneider Professorship in the College of Engineering and Applied Sciences.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanisław Wacławek
    • 1
  • Miroslav Černík
    • 1
  • Dionysios D. Dionysiou
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Nanomaterials, Advanced Technologies and Innovation, Technical University of LiberecLiberec 1Czech Republic
  2. 2.Environmental Engineering and Science Program, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering705 Engineering Research Center, University of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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