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Some Clinically Significant Genera of Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes: An Update

  • Shanker Mohan Singh
  • Richa Gumasta
Chapter

Abstract

Dematiaceous (melanized or phaeoid) fungi are common in the environment. However, clinical diseases caused by them are uncommon. Despite their rarity, they are being increasingly recognized as causal agents of disease in man and animal. There is growing awareness among medical fraternity about the clinical significance of these melanized fungi in medical practice. In this article, we have reviewed some clinically significant publications reporting some emerging phaeoid genera up to 2017. The genera reviewed are Alternaria, Aureobasidium, Bipolaris, Exserohilum, Curvularia, Ochroconis, Exophiala, Phialophora, Chaetomium, Neoscytalidium, Leptosphaeria, Microascus, Lecythophora, Phaeoacremonium, Scedosporium, Veronaea, Fonsecaea, Wallemia sebi, Verruconis, etc. In addition, laboratory diagnosis and future areas of research have also been dealt along with conclusion.

Keywords

Clinical significance Phaeoid Genera Review 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shanker Mohan Singh
    • 1
    • 2
  • Richa Gumasta
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Medical Mycology Laboratory, Department of Biological ScienceRD UniversityJabalpurIndia
  2. 2.Fungal Disease Diagnostic and Research CentreJabalpurIndia

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