Analysis of Psychological Stability and EEG-Based Control Efficacy of Infants by Stimulation Technique-Infant Car Seat Seating Environment

  • Jeong-Hoon ShinEmail author
  • Hyeon-Cheol Seo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 536)


Infant car seats provide safety and comfort to infants seated in cars. Nonetheless, these seats will fail to provide comfort unless infants adapt themselves to the seats. To resolve such problems, various types of infant car seats have been rolled out in the market, which combine the effects of vibration and sound, etc. However, it is unclear whether the infants are seated in these car seats longer than in existing car seats, due to their psychological stability, anxiety, or curiosity towards such novelties. In this study, we analyzed EEG-based psychological stability through various techniques of stimulation applied by infant car seats and proposed new stimulation techniques that will allow infants to be seated in infant car seats for prolonged periods of time, in a psychologically stable state. These techniques can be used in various fields, such as neurofeedback therapy, in the period ahead.


Infant car seat Electroencephalogram (EEG) Brain-activated state Psychological stability 



This work was supported by the sabbatical research grant from Daegu Catholic University in 2015.

This experiment was conducted in compliance with the research ethics rules, with the consent of the subject’s legal representative, with sufficient explanation regarding the experiment.


  1. 1.
    Kroeker, A.M., Teddy, A.J., Macy, M.L.: Car seat inspection among children older than 3 years: using data to drive practice in child passenger safety. J. Trauma Acute Care Surg. 79(3 Suppl 1), S48–S54 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lee, J.-H., Lee, Y.-H.: Safety seats research in toddler and preschooler parents. Korean Parent-Child Health J. 10(2), 110–112 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Vaca, F., Anderson, C.L., Agran, P., Winn, D., Cheng, G.: Child safety seat knowledge among parents utilizing emergency service in a level 1 trauma center in Southern California. Am. Acad. Pediatr. 110(5), 61–65 (2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ramsey, A., Simpson, E., Rivara, F.P.: Booster seat use and reasons for non-use. Am. Acad. Pediatr. 106, E20 (2000)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Louis, B., Lewis, M.: Increasing car seat use for toddlers from inner-city families. Am. J. Public Health (AJPH) 87, 1044–1045 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Park, H.-G.: Measures for improvement and diffusion of domestic car seats for infants and children. Korean Soc. Des. Cult. 14(1), 135–148 (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Takada, J.: Child Safety Seats for Vehicles. U.S. 04979777, 25 December 1990Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Choppin, A.: EEG-Based Human Interface for Disabled Individuals: Emotion Expression with Neural Networks. Master Thesis, Information Processing, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan (2000)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ramirez, R., Palencia-Lefler, M., Giraldo, S., Vamvakousis, Z.: Musical neurofeedback for treating depression in elderly people. Front. Neurosci. 9, 1–10 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ha, J.-M., Park, S.-B.: Assessment of color effect on the indoor color schemes and illuminance change – focused on prefrontal EEG alpha and beta signal analysis. J. Archit. Inst. Korea 10, 57–65 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Information TechnologyDaegu Catholic UniversityGyeongsan-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Computer EngineeringDaegu Catholic UniversityGyeongsan-siRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations