Telugu Emigrants in the Gulf
The Indian labour migration to the Gulf countries gained momentum during the early 1970s as a result of the price hike of oil. The consequent earnings of large revenues from oil led to the process of industrialization and modernization in the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries characterized by massive investment in social and economic infrastructure. This development required the service of a large number of foreign workers, as the GCC countries could not provide the indigenous labour supplies. These foreign workers mostly came from South Asian countries such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka for working in construction sites and oil companies. However, in recent times, the situation has changed either because of huge competition among foreign labourers in the Gulf countries or because of Gulf economic crisis. As a result, the Gulf countries are not allowing free migration and instead charging huge visa fees from migrants; they have also become very selective. The present chapter attempts to study the reasons for migration of Indians to the Gulf countries with a case study of Telugu migrants from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states. The chapter further examines in detail the push and pulls factors for migration, migrant networks, social conditions of migrants and the socioeconomic impact of the Gulf migration on the migrants and their left-behind families.
KeywordsEmigration Telugu Gulf countries Left-behind families Remittances
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