The Practices of Over-Leaping the Middle Income Trap in the Primary-Level Health Care in Pastoral Areas—A Case Study of Chifeng City in Inner Mongolia

  • Shuaixiong Fu


One of the forms of the Middle Income Trap is Social Crisis Trap characterized by slow, stagnant or declining income growth for poor people and the widening gap between rich and poor which leads to the desperation of the poor and endless social unrest. Therefore, to overcome the Social Crisis Trap, it is necessary to be committed in innovating social management and narrowing the income gap between urban and rural areas.

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© The Commercial Press, Ltd. and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuaixiong Fu
    • 1
  1. 1.Guanghua School of ManagementPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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