Survey Research on Community Management Innovation and Over-Leaping the Middle Income Trap—A Case Study of Xi’an District, Mudanjiang City, Heilongjiang Province

  • Xuhong Li


The Middle Income Trap consists of “Institutional Trap of Development”, “Social Crisis Trap” and “Technology Trap”. Social Crisis Trap should be prevented by narrowing the gaps between rich and poor, between urban and rural areas and among different regions as well as through social management innovation. Social management innovation is mainly about changing the traditional social structure, implementing community and rural self-governance and taking various measures to resolve social conflicts.

Copyright information

© The Commercial Press, Ltd. and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xuhong Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Guanghua School of ManagementPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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