Advertisement

The Portuguese Special Operations Forces as Instrument of Foreign Policy: The Case Study of Afghanistan

  • João ReisEmail author
  • Sofia Menezes
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 152)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to provide an exploratory overview of the Portuguese special operations forces as instrument of foreign policy. In doing so, we disclose new dynamics that Portugal employing in fragile states and we discuss its implications for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The research methodological approach falls into a qualitative case study research, which includes more than one method of data collection for triangulation and corroboration purposes. We have found that Portugal is trying to intensify its international relations within the EU, UN and the NATO, while the Portuguese special operations forces have been playing an important role to strengthen its presence within these international institutions. The new dynamics that Portugal is seeking are based on the democratic values, the rule of law and the human rights, to dissociate itself from the colonial legacy and thereby find new avenues of influence. Further research should focus on the new strategic priorities for the Afghan Government and NATO, as these priorities are changed at a relatively fast pace.

Keywords

Portugal Afghanistan Special operations forces Foreign policy Case study research European Union United Nations North Atlantic Treaty Organization 

References

  1. 1.
    Seddon, D.: Imperial designs. Crit. Asian Stud. 35(2), 175–194 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jones, S.: In the graveyard of empires: America´s war in Afghanistan. WW Norton & Company, New York (2010)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Miller, P.: Graveyard of analogies: the use and abuse of history for the war in Afghanistan. J. Strateg. Stud. 39(3), 446–476 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nojumi, N.: American State-Building in Afghanistan and its Regional Consequences: Achieving Democratic Stability and Balancing China’s Influence. Rowman & Littlefield (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    NATO.: NATO and Afghanistan. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2016). http://www.nato.int. Accessed 1 Dec 2018
  6. 6.
    AJP 3.5.: Allied joint doctrine for special operations. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    NATO SOF.: NATO special operations headquarters: Special operations forces. Military Assistance Handbook. 1st study draft, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    AAP-06.: NATO glossary of terms and definitions. North Atlantic Treaty Organizations. 2-D-7 and 2-S-9 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Long, A.: NATO special operations: promise and problem. Obris 58(4), 540–551 (2014)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dellinger, B.: Special operations command Europe: strengthening partnership for global security. Spec. Warf. (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chefe de Estado-Maior do Exército.: Âmbito de atuação, missões e tarefas das unidades de tropas especiais. Divisão de Planeamento de Forças, diretiva nº9 do Chefe de Estado-Maior do Exército (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Livingston, T.: Building the capacity of partner states through security force assistance. Security Force Assistance in the Development of Foreign Forces. Nova Science Publishers (2011)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Strandquist, J.: Local defence forces and counterinsurgency in Afghanistan: learning from the CIA´s village defense program in South Vietnam. Small Wars Insur. 26(1), 90–113 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Anderson, D., Ernst, J.: The war that never ends: new perspectives on the Vietnam War. University Press of Kentucky (2014)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Tucker, S., Roberts, P.: The encyclopedia of World War II: A political, social, and military history. ABC-clio (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Grochowski, G.: Planning for the next Takur Ghar. Def. Secur. Anal. 31(2), 152–158 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Teixeira, N.: Breve ensaio sobre a política externa portuguesa. Relações internacionais, R:I(28), 51–60 (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ruivo, L.: Conceito estratégico de defesa nacional contributos para uma revisão. Boletim Ensino, Instituto de Estudos Superiores Militares (2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Silva, J.: As forças armadas como instrumento de política externa portuguesa no actual contexto internacional. Trabalho Individual de Longa Duração do Curso de Promoção a Oficial General, Instituto de Estudos Superiores Militares (2006)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Azambuja, M.: As Nações Unidas e o conceito de segurança coletiva. Estudos Avançados 9(25), 139–147 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Serronha, M.: A cimeira de Lisboa: Uma NATO para o século XXI. Instituto de Defesa Nacional 126–5ª série, 37–46 (2010)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Santos, J.: O conceito estratégico da NATO: Superar contradições, manter a coesão. Nação e Defesa, 37–46 (2010)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Barratt, M., Choi, T., Li, M.: Qualitative case studies in operations management: Trends, research outcomes, and future research implications. J. Oper. Manag. 29(4), 329–342 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yin, R.: Case study research design and methods. Appl. Soc. Res. Methods Ser. 5 (2003)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Benbasat, I., Goldstein, D., Mead, M.: The case research strategy in studies of information systems. MIS Q. 369–386 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Quivy, R., Campenhoudt, L.: Manual de investigação em ciências sociais (1998)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Governo de Portugal.: Grandes opções do conceito estratégico de defesa nacional (2013). https://www.parlamento.pt/sites/COM/Paginas/DetalheNoticia.aspx?BID=5034. Accessed 1 Dec 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Military ScienceMilitary Academy, GOVCOPPLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Management and LeadershipCINAMILLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations