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Career Anchors for the Portuguese Army’s Volunteers and Contract Personnel: Using the Career Orientations Inventory

  • Lúcio Agostinho Barreiros dos SantosEmail author
  • Maria Manuela Martins Saraiva Sarmento Coelho
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 152)

Abstract

This study aims to identify and discuss the career anchors of the Portuguese Army’s volunteers and contract personnel, in order to outline a “professional profile” that can help the organization improving its decision-making process, in terms of management practices and working and living conditions. The study addresses the internal dimension of the concept of career using a three-pronged approach—regulatory, theoretical, and empirical—to find out whether career anchors are determinants for the choice to join the military, as well as for the length of time served. The study uses quantitative and qualitative strategies, with emphasis on Schein’s Career Orientations Inventory (COI). The survey had a valid final sample of 1821 members from the Portuguese Army. The study’s findings suggest a professional profile based on a dominant career anchor, “Lifestyle”, which, combined with complementary anchors (e.g. “Security/Stability”), and provide a qualitative explanation for the participants’ choices.

Keywords

Military volunteers and contract personnel Career anchors Career Orientation Inventory Recruitment Retention 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lúcio Agostinho Barreiros dos Santos
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Maria Manuela Martins Saraiva Sarmento Coelho
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Research and Development CenterMilitary University InstituteLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Lusíada UniversityLisbonPortugal

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