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Automatic Kidney Cysts Segmentation in Digital Ultrasound Images

  • Prema T. Akkasaligar
  • Sunanda Biradar
Chapter

Abstract

Computer-aided systems are extensively used in the recent medical field for diagnostics. Medical imaging, particularly ultrasonography is the most commonly used primary diagnostic tool by the medical experts. The segmentation and analysis of region of interest in ultrasound images is a difficult task due to the shape variant objects, orientation, and poor quality. Existing segmentation algorithms need an initial seed point as user input. In this chapter, a novel approach for automatic kidney cysts segmentation in digital ultrasound images is proposed. Initially, contourlet transform is used for preprocessing of kidney ultrasound images and contrast enhancement is performed by using histogram equalization. Initial contour for segmentation closer to the actual cysts boundaries is obtained automatically using morphological operations. Complete automation of active contour method and level set segmentation method is mainly addressed in the work proposed. Further, the diagnostic parameters essentially needed by medical experts, namely, the number of cysts and the size of each cyst, are calculated. The developed method is evaluated using performance parameters such as Jaccard coefficient, Dice, sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. The efficacy of the developed approach is proved by the results of the experiment.

Keywords

Ultrasound image Image segmentation Morphological operation Level set Active contours 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Dr. Bhushita B. Lakhkar, Radiologist, BLDEDU’s Shri. B. M. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Vijayapur for providing USG image set of kidney. Authors are also thankful to Dr. Vinay Kundaragi, Nephrologist, BLDEDU’s Shri. B. M. Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Vijayapur for rendering manual segmentation of images. This work is financially supported by Vision Group of Science and Technology (VGST), Government of Karnataka under RGS/F scheme.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prema T. Akkasaligar
    • 1
  • Sunanda Biradar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringBLDEA’s V. P. Dr. P.G. Halakatti College of Engineering and TechnologyVijayapurIndia

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