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ERP Experimental Design

  • Ruolei GuEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, I describe the basic principles of designing an event-related potential (ERP) experiment for psychology research and the rationales behind these principles. I also explain the challenges that researchers often encounter when trying to control potential confounding factors and keeping focus on the psychological processes of interest. I provide general suggestions to resolve these problems according to the literature together with my personal experience. Finally, I introduce some well-known experimental tasks that have been proven to reliably elicit specific ERP components. Researchers may consider developing their studies based on the classic paradigms.

Keywords

Event-related potential Experimental design Experimental psychology Cognitive process Donders’s subtractive method 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author sincerely thanks Jingwen Jin, Xuebing Li, Yongling Lin, Tingting Wu, and Jinfeng Ding for their helpful comments on the manuscript. The writing of this chapter was supported by the Major Program of the Chinese National Social Science Foundation (17ZDA324).

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral ScienceInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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