Factors Affecting International Student Mobility in Transnational Higher Education: Perspectives from China and Germany

  • Hongmei SziegatEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Perspectives on Rethinking and Reforming Education book series (PRRE)


This study overviews contextual push–pull factors affecting international student mobility between Chinese and German higher education institutions from comparative perspectives. It verifies the important role of DAAD and China Scholarship Council (CSC) as well as diverse governmental and non-governmental initiatives in promoting international student mobility, especially financial incentives. Transnational higher education collaborations between China and Germany have also promoted international student mobility. It reveals the trends of emerging transnational models of degree programs moving from the traditional credit and degree mobility of “A” model (one host country) to “A + B” model (two host countries), “A + B + C” model (three host countries), and “A + B + C + D” model (four host countries), which make international student mobility more complex than “horizontal mobility” and “vertical mobility.” As the development of transnational higher education, internationalization, and “Englishization” of higher education, it is of most importance to set up transnational knowledge network and talent pools to promote “brain circulation,” “brain exchange,” and “brain gain” instead of “brain drain” or “brain waste.” Since global competitions for human capitals have increased greatly, not only host and sending countries, but also the third countries may benefit from attracting international students to enrich national human capitals.


International student mobility Transnational higher education China Germany 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of TuebingenTuebingenGermany

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