Advertisement

Lesson Learned from the Ancient Greek Polis

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono
Chapter

Abstract

Historical speaking, cities, and towns have been always identical with the centers of cultural cultivation. Accordingly, the relation of urban settlement and culture is less explored in the context of the question: What are the conditions of urban settlement? To what extent is democracy necessary for urbanism? This study argues that Aristotle’s Polis is one of its resourceful references for democratic urbanism because its conceptual system, structure, and elements potentially provide people with a democratic political organization and compact urbanism. The focus of the study is to divulge and unfold the Greek concepts, which are constitutive to the idea and reality of urbanity. All this is in the hope that the findings of the study contribute to the philosophical foundation of urbanism. The theoretical expositions are to recognize, to recollect, to reconstruct, and to develop the ancient traces and concepts of urbanism as depicted by Aristotle in his Politics and other bibliographical sources. The purpose of this study is to explore theoretical groundwork on urbanism from the ancient Greek experience of the polis, especially with reference to the Classical and Hellenistic periods.

Keywords

Aristotle Polis Ancient greek Agora Schole Koinonia Paideia 

References

  1. Aristotle, and Richard Kraut. 1997. Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Azoulay, Vincent. 2014. Pericles of Athens. New York: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Barker, Ernest. 1948. Traditions of Civility: Eight Essays. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barker, Sir Ernest. 1958/1998. The Politics of Aristotle. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Beatley, Timothy. 2005. Native to Nowhere: Sustaining Home and Community in a Global Age. Washington, DC: Island Press.Google Scholar
  6. Blau, Judith R., Mark La Gory, and John Pipkin. 1983. Professionals and Urban Form. Buffalo: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bowra, C. M. 1965. Classical Greece, Great Ages of Man. New York: Time Life Books.Google Scholar
  8. Bresson, Alain. 2015. The Making of the Ancient Greek Economy: Institutions, Markets, and Growth in the City-States. New York: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cowan, Alexander, and Jill Steward. 2007. The Cities and the Senses: Urban Culture Since 1500. Surrey: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  10. Curren, Randall. 2000. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
  11. D’Angour, Armand. 2011. The Greeks and the New: Novelty in Ancient Greek Imagination and Experience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Darling, Janina. 2004. Architecture of Ancient Greece: An Account of Its Historic Development. New York: Biblo & Tannen.Google Scholar
  13. Dinsmoor, William Bell, and William James Anderson. 1973. The Architecture of Ancient Greece: An Account of Its Historic Development. Cheshire, CT: Biblo & Tannen Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Doxiadis, Constantinos A. 1964. “The Ancient Greek City and the City of the Present.” Ekistics 18 (108): 346–64.Google Scholar
  15. Eriksen, Trond Berg. 1876/1976. Bios Theoretikos: Notes on Aristotle’s Ethica Nicomachea X, 6–8. Aarhus, DK: Universitetsfod.Google Scholar
  16. Fitzgerald, Joseph. 1901. Word and Phrase: True and False Use in English. Chicago: A.C. McClurg.Google Scholar
  17. Fitzgerald, Timothy. 2007. Discourse on Civility and Barbarity: A Critical History of Religion and Related Categories. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Garver, Eugene. 1994. Aristotle’s Rhetoric: An Art of Character. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  19. Geertz, Clifford. 1983. Local Knowledge. New York: Basic Book.Google Scholar
  20. Gernet, Louis. 1981. The Anthropology of Ancient Greece. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Gonzales, Francisco. 2006. “Beyond of Beneath Good and Evil? Heidegger’s Purification of Aristotle’s Ethics.” In Heidegger and the Greeks: Interpretative Essays, edited by Drew Hyland and Panteleimon Manossakis, 127–56. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Gudeman, Stephen, and Chris Hann. 2015. Oikos and Market: Explorations in Self-Sufficiency After Socialism. New York and Oxford: Berghahn.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hakim, Besim S. 2014. Mediterranean Urbanism: Historic Urban/Building Rules and Processes. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  24. Hansen, Modens Herman. 1993. The Ancient Greek City-State: Symposium on the Occasion of the 250th Anniversary of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters July, 1–4 1992. Copenhagen: Kongelige Danske Videnskabenes Selskab.Google Scholar
  25. Hansen, Mogens Herman, and Tobias Fischer Hansen. 1994. “Monumental Political Architecture in Archaic and Classical Greek Poleis.” In From Political Architecture to Stephanus Byzantius, edited by David Whitehead, 23–89. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.Google Scholar
  26. Harris, Nathaniel. 2004. History of Ancient Greece. New York: Barnes & Noble.Google Scholar
  27. Haverfield, Francis-John. 2009. Ancient Town Planning. Auckland, New Zealand: BiblioLife LLC.Google Scholar
  28. Haworth, Alan. 2004. Understanding the Political Philosophers: From Ancient to Modern Times. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Heidegger, Martin. 1991. Nietzsche Volume I & II. Edited by David Farrell Krell. Translated by David Farrell Krell. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.Google Scholar
  30. Hooper, Finley. 1978. Greek Realities, Life and Thought in Ancient Greece. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Jaeger, Werner Wilhelm. 1939/1986. Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture. Translated by Gilbert Highet. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Jencks, Chris. 2004. Urban Culture: Critical Concepts in Literary and Cultural Studies. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  33. Jordan, Michael. 1993. Ancient Concepts of Philosophy. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. Julier, Guy. 2000. The Culture of Design, Culture, Media and Identities Series. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  35. Kalimitziz, Kostas. 2000. Aristotle on Political Enmity and Disease: An Inquiry into Stasis. Albany NY: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  36. Konstan, David. 1997. Friendship in the Classical World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Krell, David Farell. 1988. “Knowledge Is Remembrance; Diotima’s Instruction.” In Post-structuralist Classics, edited by Andrew E. Benjamin, 160–72. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. LeGates, Richard T., and Frederic Stout. 2003. The City Reader: Routledge Urban Reader Series. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Liddel, Peter. 2007. Civic Obligation and Individual Liberty in Ancient Athens. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lynch, Kevin. 1981. A Theory of Good City Form. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  41. Martin-McAuliffe, Samantha L., and Daniel M. Millette. 2017. Ancient Urban Planning in the Mediterranean: New Research Directions. New York and London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Moller, Astrid. 2000. Trade in Archaic Greece. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Morris, Ian, and Barry B. Powell. 2010. The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  44. Nagel, Mechthild. 2002. Masking the Abject: A Genealogy of Play. Lanham: Lexington.Google Scholar
  45. Nagle, D. Brendan. 2006. The Household as the Foundation of Aristotle’s Polis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Nielsen, Thomas Heine. 2002. Even More Studies in Ancient Greek Polis. Stuttgart: Frans Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  47. Ober, Josiah. 2011. Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: Intellectual Critics of Popular Rule. New York: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Orr, David. 2004. The Nature of Design: Ecology, Culture, and Human Intention. Oxford and London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  49. Orrieux, Claude, and Pauline Schmitt. 1999. A History of Ancient Greece. London: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  50. Pagden, Anthony. 2002. The Idea of Europe; from Antiquity to European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Preston, Laura, and Sara Owen. 2009. Inside the City in the Greek World. Oxford: Oxbow.Google Scholar
  52. Price, Jonathan J. 2001. Thucydides and Internal War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Robinson, Charles Alexander. 1959. Athens in the Age of Pericles. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.Google Scholar
  54. Roth, Leland M., and Amanda C. Roth Clark. 2014. Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History, and Meaning. Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
  55. Schmitt-Pantel, Pauline. 1991. “Collective Activities and the Political in the Greek City.” In The Greek City: From Homer to Alexander, edited by Oswyn Murray, 199–213. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  56. Strootman, Rolf. 2018. “Feasting and Polis Institutions.” In Leiden, edited by Floris van den Eijnde, Josine Blok, and Rolf Strootman, 273–86. Leiden and Boston: Brill.Google Scholar
  57. Taylor, Claire. 2015. “Social Networks and Social Mobility in Fourth-Century Athens.” In Communities and Networks in the Ancient Greek World, edited by Claire Taylor and Kostas Vlassopoulos, 35–53. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Taylor, Claire, and Kostas Vlassopoulos. 2015. Communities and Networks in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Thomas, Carol. 1993. Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History, and Meaning. Oxford: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  60. Voegelin, Eric, and Dante L. Germino. 2000. Order and History, Volume III: Plato and Aristotle. Columbia: University f Missouri Press.Google Scholar
  61. Williams, Jean Kinney. 2009. Empire of Ancient Greece. New York: Facts on File.Google Scholar
  62. Winter, Frederick E. 2006. Studies in Hellenistic Architecture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bagoes Wiryomartono
    • 1
  1. 1.TorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations