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Microbial Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles and Their Biological Potential

  • Annuja Anandaradje
  • Vadivel Meyappan
  • Indramani Kumar
  • Natarajan Sakthivel
Chapter

Abstract

Nanostructured materials have wide range of biological applications. Microbial synthesis of nanomaterials is simple, cost-effective, eco-friendly, non-hazardous and biocompatible unlike other physical and chemical methods. Among metal nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have received significant attention due to their innate therapeutic and clinical properties. Various microbes such as bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes and yeasts have been used for intra- and extracellular synthesis of AgNPs. Microbial synthesis of AgNPs requires different physiochemical and biological conditions. Altering these parameters help in acquiring AgNPs with controlled shape, size and dispersity. In this chapter, we provide an overview of microbe-mediated synthesis, mechanism, toxicity, biological properties and biomedical applications of AgNPs.

Keywords

Microbial synthesis AgNPs Intra- and extracellular syntheses Biomedical applications 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We thank the University Grants Commission (UGC) and Department of Biotechnology (DBT), New Delhi, for financial support through M.Sc. Biotechnology fellowship to Annuja Anandaradje and Ph.D. research fellowship to Indramani Kumar, respectively. We also thank UGC-SAP and DST-FIST programs coordinated by Prof. N. Sakthivel for providing infrastructure facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annuja Anandaradje
    • 1
  • Vadivel Meyappan
    • 1
  • Indramani Kumar
    • 1
  • Natarajan Sakthivel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology, School of Life SciencesPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia

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