Coastal Fauna and Human Perturbation

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan


Coastal areas include inshore waters, intertidal areas, and extensive tracts of contiguous land providing diverse habitats for innumerable flora and fauna. The tropical coastal areas are not only economically valuable for fisheries, commerce, navigation, and recreation but also include some of the ecologically most important and unique fauna. They represent almost all the animal phyla which directly or indirectly depend on this region wholly or during part of their life cycle. They provide livelihood to millions of coastal communities. However, the combination of natural and human forces presents major challenges for conservation of faunal communities. It has been observed that beginning from the twentieth century, the level of contamination and type and amount of pollutants have steadily increased in response to the increase in industries, tourism activities, and urbanization. Besides, these areas also receive pollutants from faraway places through drainage systems. Such situations pose severe threat to the survival, proliferation, and distribution of coastal faunal communities. This chapter presents coastal fauna and its diversity in different coastal ecosystems of the tropics and the effect of human activities on them with some case examples.


Faunal diversity Tropical region Coastal pollution Urbanization Impacts 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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