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Aquaculture-Based Systems for Harmonious Development of Coastal Region

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

Aquaculture is an increasingly important food-producing sector and provides livelihood to millions of coastal people in the tropical coastal region. However unplanned development and unsustainable intensive practices have created competition for space and environmental concerns. In the process of aquacultural development, traditional polyculture which was once considered an environmentally sound practice based on optimum utilization of farm resources, including farm wastes, is now counted among potential polluters of the aquatic and other coastal environment. To put this into a positive light, aquaculture must be developed in a spirit of social harmony, environmental sustainability, and economic progress. This necessitates the spatial planning and integrated aquaculture technologies which need to follow an ecosystem approach. The rationale behind evaluation and recommendation of most of the integrated aquaculture systems involving crop, fish, animal, molluscs, shellfish, seaweeds, sea cucumber, crustaceans, etc. in different combinations for the coastal region stabilizes the production of, and decrease effluents from, cultures of high-valued species. This chapter highlights the importance of some of the integrated aquaculture systems suitable for coastal areas and ways to reduce the pollutant from aquaculture activities and improve the environmental conditions by responsible fishery practices.

Keywords

Integrated aquaculture Rice-fish Good practices Traditional practices 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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