Agroforestry for Livelihood and Biodiversity Conservation

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan


Trees play a predominant role in protecting and sustaining the productivity of coastal and island eco-regions, yet they are facing greater challenge from harsh climate, extreme events, anthropogenic activities, and land degradations. Different tree species can be produced by the concurrent production of agricultural crops and tree species in different ways by the conscious and deliberate use of land known as agroforestry systems. Agroforestry has the potential to contribute to the improvement of rural livelihood, due to the capacity of its various forms to offer multiple alternatives and opportunities to small holders to enhance farm production and income while conserving the biodiversity and environment. It is observed that plantation crops integrated with livestock, poultry, and rice are main features of this region. The growing food insecurity and deteriorating livelihood situations call for concerted and consorted actions to take advantage of the high potential of agroforestry, among other systems, for promoting livelihood. The structure, function, and role of different agroforestry systems in providing livelihood are discussed in this chapter with case examples from different tropical countries. Further, there is an increasing recognition of the contribution of agroforestry across tropical countries to improve ecosystem services and livelihoods. Therefore agroforestry research should focus more on conservation and utilization of diverse priority indigenous useful trees along with crops and livestock in a region-specific agroforestry-based integrated model.


Agroforestry types Tropical coast Plantations Silvopasture Conservation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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