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Strategies and Collaborations for Management of Coastal Areas

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
  • Swarnam Palanivel
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
Chapter

Abstract

The coastal area is the dynamic interface between the land and the sea and may extend inland and seaward to a variable extent, depending upon the different deciding factors. These areas are being modified by human activities, and coastal ecosystems are under severe pressure from human exploitation. The condition is also exaggerated by climate change. Different coastal countries have devised and implemented various programmes in the past to deal with these problems with varying success. Therefore a comprehensive, integrated framework for policy planning and coastal management, called integrated coastal zone management (ICAM), has become imperative. The overall goal of ICAM programme is to ensure sustainable use of coastal natural resources and conservation of coastal ecosystems. This chapter deals with various steps involved in the planning process of ICAM, legal and institutional framework, collaboration at different levels, and underlying principles. The analysis of different situations and requirements of coastal countries supports the view that participatory coastal area development provides the best option, but involvement of local government and community accountability in coastal management will help to make efforts more effective and sustainable.

Keywords

Coastal planning Framework Integrated coastal area management Community participation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Velmurugan Ayyam
    • 1
  • Swarnam Palanivel
    • 1
  • Sivaperuman Chandrakasan
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Zoological Survey of India – ANRCPort BlairIndia

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