Marine-Based Calcium Phosphates from Hard Coral and Calcified Algae for Biomedical Applications

  • Ipek Karacan
  • Besim Ben-NissanEmail author
  • Sutinee Sinutok
Part of the Springer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering book series (SSBSE, volume 14)


The materials that are developed from the different kind of marine organisms have a broad range of properties and characteristics that can explain their potential functions in the biomedical area. Accordingly, new opportunities are created by biomaterials produced from marine-based sources such as calcium phosphate-based bioceramics, composites, and polymers within the biomedical fields such as new drug delivery systems, the design of novel implantable devices, and various applications in tissue engineering. The major aim of this chapter is to explain the importance of marine structures applicable for biomedical applications as well as choosing the appropriate conversion technique in order to obtain designs and structures best suited for their intended use. Therefore, we will highlight various conversion techniques used in the synthesis of calcium phosphate bioceramics from various marine sources such as Tubipora musica , Foraminifera , Porites Hard Corals and Halimeda cylindracea calcified algae, and their biomedical applications in this chapter.


Hard coral Calcified algae Calcium phosphate bioceramics Tissue engineering Drug delivery systems 


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Copyright information

© This is a U.S. government work and not under copyright protection in the U.S.; foreign copyright protection may apply 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ipek Karacan
    • 1
  • Besim Ben-Nissan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sutinee Sinutok
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Life Sciences, Biomaterials and Advanced Tissue EngineeringUniversity of Technology SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Coastal Oceanography and Climate Change Research CenterPrince of Songkla UniversityHatyai, SongkhlaThailand
  3. 3.Faculty of Environmental ManagementPrince of Songkla UniversityHatyai, SongkhlaThailand

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